June 27, 2017

The rights of indigenous peoples

 

 

Indigenous peoples have a marginalized social position all over the world. They occupied own lands before colonial societies conquered them turning local population into slaves or servants. Indigenous peoples are still found on every continent, and they are very diverse social groups. These native communities frequently live in compact groups to protect themselves from the insult of the globalized majority. Culture and traditions of indigenous peoples are especially vulnerable to the globalization because indigenous communities are small and hardly interact with the remaining society. Many such people do not interact outside their community as they beware intruders. And these fears are not unsupported – most of the indigenous peoples make up the ethnic minority within their country, and they are common objects to neglect from the legislators.
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Best practices to ensure the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression

 

 

Freedom of expression is an essential right that ensures human development, nevertheless, many people admit that their personal opinions are muted within the open discussion. The annual report on the promotion and protection of freedom of speech submitted to the United Nations Human Rights Council in 2015 highlights that even communication in the digital space can be distorted and unlawfully moderated to prevent an access to provocative information. As the number of independent mass-media inevitably drops, individuals obtain limited access to the unbiased information, which is a violation of another human right.
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Forced evictions

 

 

Though secured as a basic human right, an adequate housing remains a privilege to certain social groups. The right for housing is included into the list of basic human rights which means that no person can make a satisfactory living without it. Despite the clear stance of organizations protecting human rights, forced evictions became frequent all over the world. Involuntary displacement of people from their current place of residence is conducted due to disasters, reconstruction or development of the region. Sometimes transfer is a method of ethnic cleansing of the region. Forced eviction is especially motivated by financial crisis, urbanization, and climate change, which make authorities reconsider the necessity of having a particular population in a certain place.
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Protection against violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity

 

 

Gender issues and discrimination of sexual minorities received vast coverage in the media lately. To address the whole set of problems related to the violation of LGBTQ people’s rights, the United Nations Human Rights Council adopted a respective resolution in 2016. The document is an extended version of two previous resolutions on the rights of gender minorities adopted in 2011 and 2014. The 2016 resolution on Protection against violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity was supported by votes of non-governmental organizations from more than 150 countries around the world. In addition to the adoption, supporters called on the appointment of the UN Independent Expert on sexual orientation and gender identity. The person in charge is entitled to assess the efficacy of existing policies to improve the broad acceptance of LGBTQ communities.
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Human Rights of persons with disabilities

 

 

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights foresees that all fundamental human rights are the same for everybody. They shall be equally fulfilled irrespective of wealth, race, and health status of their subjects. However, people with special needs are frequently excluded from obtaining services and participation in development because their community cannot fulfill these and many other rights to them. Most of the developed countries do their best to empower disabled individuals and make sure that their basic needs are satisfied. At the same time, a disproportionately large number of people with disabilities live in the developing world. Here population shall rely purely on themselves to make their way out of poverty, which is practically impossible for physically or mentally impaired people.
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Right to development

 

 

Development is a comprehensive process, and it can refer to any side of human life. Economic development is the key to our well-being while scientific development contributes to our independence from natural obstacles and resources. Industry, legislation, business – everything develops around us, but individuals always stay in the center of the development process, pushing their own skills and collective knowledge forwards. Legally, the right to development was secured in the respective declaration issued by the United Nations General Assembly in 1986. It is one of the fundamental human rights acknowledged by the organization as it makes a direct impact on personal well-being and collective experience.
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The continuing fight against malaria

 

 

Malaria remains to be one of the dangerous lethal diseases affecting people all over the world but the population of the African continent suffers most. Parasites transmitted by mosquitoes in tropical and sub-tropical regions commonly causes death to children under 5 years old and puts pregnant women at high risk of miscarriage or stillbirth. The majority of people of the developing world including non-immune travelers risk becoming infected every day.
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The effects of foreign debt

 

 

External debt is a problematic question both for the lender and for the borrower. From the mid-twentieth century, borrowing money from international creditors became extremely popular. Low-income countries took loans from the developed ones to cover financial deficits, repay other debts, or stimulate domestic production.  Thus, foreign debt is taken to address fulfillment of the broad range of human rights in developing countries if it is spent wisely. Borrowing money from foreign funds, governments do not usually think about their repayment. In case if the economic growth is accomplished, it is quite realistic to repay the debt in parts. But funds taken from abroad do not always make such a comprehensive improvement to stimulate the economy and empower population. Citizens in most cases do not feel the improvement associated with borrowing a great amount of money.
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Human rights and the financial crisis

 

 

All people irrespective of income shall have their basic rights fulfilled, but implementation of these rights has much to do with money. The only question is who will pay for basic rights for everyone. Speaking of rights, we primarily mean an access to tangible and intangible goods that let us live a fulfilling and deserving life. Middle- to high-income individuals can perfectly provide for a  good living even if governmental support is very limited. At the same time, living standards for low-income citizens greatly depend on state policies and their financial backing. Since the financial crisis of 2007, governmental expenditures on social sphere and health care considerably reduced. Austerity measures were meant to spare money for stimulating economy, technology, trade, etc. Welfare appeared to be a heavy burden for many countries of the Eurozone as well as for the US.
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Equal participation in political and public affairs

 

 

Participation in the public life of one’s society is secured by political and public participation rights.  To ensure proper functioning of their households and personal development, individuals have to feel the impact of their personal contribution to public life. Fulfilling of participation rights is conducted by eliminating marginalization and discrimination within the society. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights prescribes that individuals have an equal access to participation in the community affairs; irrespective of their race, gender, and religion, they can elect and be elected.
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Field of cultural rights

 

 

Cultural rights are commonly derived from the broader group of economic, social, and cultural rights. These three basic components assure protection from poverty and further development of a society. While economic and social rights provide an access to basic necessities such as food, housing, schooling etc., cultural rights concentrate on preserving and developing one’s cultural identity. An access to culture and boosting its potential is especially important to peoples within large multicultural societies. It concerns both empowering of the native culture and human access to the broader culture of their land. Individuals shall be able to enjoy and participate in their culture without discrimination.
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Unilateral coercive measures and human rights

 

 

Unilateral coercive measures mostly concern economic steps taken by countries to stimulate some response or change of policy of their economic partners. Trade was the first and essential type of international relations yet in the ancient communities, and today economic relations between countries are deeply cherished. Nevertheless, international trade can be easily disrupted by political manipulations of its subjects. Trade sanctions are the most common type of unilateral coercive measures taken by partners in trade. Parties can impose a range of limitations, from import tariffs to embargoes, in order to put artificial hurdles to the economic development of the foreign countries. Unilateral sanctions can be targeted not only at governments; they frequently refer to persons that have assets or political influence in another country.
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Children deprived of liberty

 

 

The right to liberty is one of the basic rights prescribed in the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The UN alongside with other defenders of human rights clearly realizes that children do not belong behind bars and tries to persuade the global community that deprivation of liberty is most ineffective and dangerous measure to apply to children. It may exist as the last extreme measure applied in the case of a gross violation of law for the shortest period of time. Nonetheless, a large number of children are regularly deprived of their freedom. These are children living in the streets or victims of the criminals. Some of them are the homeless caught in prostitution, drug use, petty theft and sent to prison due to the absence of a caregiver. Children of illegal migrants and refugees easily end up in detention for the reasons of national security.
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Adequate housing as a component of the right to an adequate standard of living

 

 

The right to an adequate standard of living is a comprehensive human right secured in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It combines a range of social and economic rights that ensure access to basic necessities. Fulfillment of this right may be achieved with various types of policies but most frequently legislators implement the minimum salary rate assuring that the minimal income is enough to cover expenses for basic needs. Here belong a satisfactory housing, food, clean water, and clothing.
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A renewed faith in international aid

 

 

Support of the foreign economies is a key condition to making domestic economy prosperous. All countries of the world use some resources borrowed from their partners or donated by charities. But sometimes foreign aid is the only thing people can count on in the time of need. It is a natural consequence of poor countries living side by side with rich ones. Advanced economies regularly issue some sums of the budget to provide basic aid to developing economies – it is their moral obligation according to Millennium Development Goals and new Sustainable Development Goals. In general, participation of international governments and organizations in developing economies is huge. They may not bring an immediate relief but they certainly compensate for losses.
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Nutrient levels fall, obesity rates rise

 

 

Dietary habits of an average working person are strictly criticized at the moment. Apparently, we started consuming less slow food and referred to snacks and sandwiches trying to eat on the go. Consuming nutritious food must be wonderful but not all of us are ready to make efforts and change eating habits. First of all, food rich in essential vitamins does not taste as fulfilling as a burger or french fries. Fast food admirers frequently find the taste of cooked meat plane, and grains seem to be a proper food for farm animals rather than for humans. Moreover, healthy food must be cooked or prepared in some way which is another obstacle to healthy eating – being tired we are not ready to spend more energy on cooking. Trying to store and save energy, people cut down their physical activity and keep things simple. Why bother if it is so easy to order favorite food from the nearby restaurant?
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Women in the health workforce

 

 

Representing more than 40 percent of the working population, women make up more than 75 percent of healthcare workers. Developing communities particularly rely on females able to provide various healthcare services. It is common for an African village to have a female community health worker who provides all types of medical services necessary to the population. In the developed world it is also very common for a nurse or doctor to be a woman. Occupations in the health care, just as in education, belong to female-oriented jobs because low-paid social work has never been a satisfying option for men. Women, at the same time, feel entitled to contribute to the well-being of their community through health care and schooling.
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Safety for health workers during conflicts

 

 

Armed conflicts regularly shake some countries of the world and deprive citizens of sustainable development and integration into the global community. Unstable political situation makes communities stay at war for years or even decades of the constant armed conflict. Safety of the warriors in the front line cannot last for a long time when firearms are involved. At this point, the work of field surgeons and other health workers begins.
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The global burden of noncommunicable diseases

 

 

Besides a variety of dangerous viral diseases, the global community has faced a dramatic increase in incidences of noncommunicable diseases. Cancer and cardiovascular diseases annually kill more people than AIDS and malaria combined. NCDs cause premature deaths in poor and middle-income countries. Generally, chronic diseases are common for many individuals irrespective of their income. Wealthy people are as likely to develop NCD as the poor population in case they live a damaging lifestyle. Poor diet, exposure to tobacco smoke, excessive consumption of alcohol or living in a contaminated environment are the major contributors to emerging noncommunicable diseases. People of all ages and regions are at risk but individuals living in highly polluted areas are disproportionately predisposed to NCDs.
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Eradicating polio

 

 

Unlike malaria, polio has already been eradicated in most countries of the world. The Global Polio Eradication Initiative formed in 1988 played a key role in supplying vaccines that created herd immunity to the disease. After 20 years of activity, the initiative decreased polio incidence by 99 percent. Global community treats polio as the nightmare of the past because new incidences are uncommon. Nevertheless, a few marginalized communities in developing countries remain unvaccinated. The aim of the public-private anti-polio initiative is to deliver vaccines to the remaining 1 percent of population at risk of spreading the disease.
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June 26, 2017

The rebirth of family planning

 

 

Family planning services have always been a problem to low-income communities in every society. In the US, contraception tools can be costly which puts a financial risk to uninsured population. Nevertheless, the cases are known when insurance providers and employers did not include cost on  contraception in their plans. At the moment, such omission violates the federal law that prescribes that all FDA-approved contraception methods used by women are covered by insurers. This improvement was secured under the Affordable Care Act of 2010, and it is yet another step forward to empowering women.
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The need for more community health workers

 

 

The shortage of community health workers in the developing world visibly reduces quality of life among the population. In countless villages where there are just no other healthcare providers, community health workers make a dramatic difference. They are people trained at medical and nursing schools to address specific diseases of their region. People mostly suffer from diarrhea, malaria, pneumonia, AIDS, tuberculosis and currently from Ebola and Zika. Community health workers also provide vaccines and some help with family planning. Training and empowering community health workers shows immediate positive results – child and adult mortality drops and the quality of life improves.
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The growing role of frontline health workers

 

 

As the demand for effective and accessible healthcare rises, the world experiences shortages of doctors and staff. The population of the developing world increases rapidly and some areas remain deprived of any frontline health workers. They make the basics of the healthcare system in the developing nations diagnosing, curing, and preventing diseases. Frontline health workers perform a role of a general practitioner taking care of the population in their geographical unit. They mostly deal with emergencies working as a midwife, doctor, nurse or a local pharmacists. Community health workers are entitled to reduce deaths and improve the well-being of population in general, which means their responsibilities are quite broad.
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People-centered health systems

 

 

People-centered health care is not a new or revolutionary approach to treatment of patients. This notion implies empowerment of individuals when it comes to making decisions on their health issues and their participation in the improvement of health care. Individual participation in treatment, management, planning, and implementation of medical services is one of the basic human rights defined in the twentieth century by the UN.
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New sustainable development goals

 

 

Sustainable Development Goals were defined by the UN at the summit of world leaders conducted in September 2015. They are the part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development that prescribes the plan for NGOs and global leaders to achieve in the next 15 years. The UN highlights that the global community is not enough consolidated to end global poverty. From this moment on, it is a goal not only for advanced economies that can provide aid but also for other middle- and low-income countries that can participate and develop their own economies.
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AIDS: An end in sight or a reversion?

 

 

Since the 1980s when scientists discovered the cause of AIDS, the disease became notorious all around the world. HIV originated from West Africa where it was first transmitted by chimpanzees. As humans hunting these animals contacted with the infected blood, the virus transmitted to humans. At that time, people were scared because there was no way to help patients dying in hospitals from some rare type of pneumonia and other diseases triggered by the immune deficiency. That was before antiretroviral drugs appeared and stopped multiplying of the virus in the human body. The disease reached its peak in the 2000s, mostly due to developing countries where the access to medication remained low.
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The enduring wealth gap

 

 

Inequality and wage gap can be the same devastating as current health issues. Current market economies effectively work to increase the wealth of entrepreneurs but they hardly improve conditions for those outside the business environment. The well-being of the global community has risen a little since the crisis of the 2000s, but the chasm between the rich and the poor only widened. Some 1 percent of the global population owns about 80 percent of the global capital, frequently hid offshore to prevent taxation. Hiding one’s wealth is a serious hurdle to the development of nations. Not only poor countries could strongly benefit from extra billions in their budgets, but individuals with incredible assets will never share their wealth with governments.
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Emerging and waning health threats

 

 

Observing health care reports annually issued by WHO, we can see that the statistic of diseases changes every year. Global medical community pays huge attention to the pandemic of AIDS, skyrocketing cancer incidents, and diabetes, nevertheless, not all of these issues continue to exacerbate. Statistics in advanced and low-income countries differs dramatically. The cost of health care predetermines an access to medical services, and not every patient in the world can access a vital treatment.
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A reversal in the health worker shortage

 

 

The shortage of people in health care is a state that prevents successful delivery of medical services. As for 2015, the global system of health care was more than 7 million workers short. Doctors and nurses frequently overwork when the flow of patients is huge. In times of pandemics, hospitals do not have enough place for all patients that require hospitalization. Consequently, the staff cannot provide an adequate care as patients are overwhelming.
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Mental health for trauma survivors

 

 

All people are vulnerable to traumatic events. While physical trauma is a temporary impairment that requires certain time to be cured, healing from a psychological trauma is not so easy. In this case, trauma is either a single powerful overwhelming experience or a series of repetitive depressing events that impair our ability to think in an organized way and trust others. Severe traumas may occur in childhood as well as in the adult life. In both cases people may find recovery extremely difficult – once we experience something extraordinary stressful, our body and mind preserve the memory of this event and make us react weirdly to ordinary things.
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Online social justice

 

 

The concept of social justice was first mentioned by Ancient Greek philosophers to underline the connection between a single individual and a society as a whole. As long as an individual has responsibilities before the society, their community is entitled to make sure that rights and freedoms of individuals are not suppressed. Social justice is usually performed through social institutions in form of taxation, legal, social, or healthcare services provided to the public. However, justice for all is not necessarily conveyed by some organizations that are authorized to do that. Today we can reach justice expressing consolidation and support for those who feel oppressed by the society.
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Regulating the sharing economy

 

Sharing economy consists of peer-to-peer platforms that provide services directly to their customers. Peers access each other on the web, place orders and get services without paying extra money for the redundant intermediaries. Obviously, these services are not thoroughly regulated by any governmental structures. Uber, AirBnB and similar sharing platforms legally act in many countries, and at that point the official involvement ends. The primary regulation of the quality of sharing economy companies comes as the feedback of the customers. Such a lopsided control is sometimes criticized in the society that expects providers of services to be controlled by the authorities they believe.
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Regulating drones and self-driving cars

 

 

Various automated machines are ready to invade the US market as there is an excessive interest in vehicles and devices that work autonomously. Drones are already available for purchase at a low cost while self-driving cars are being rigorously tested before entering the market. Autonomous machines were designed to meet specific needs of individuals and industries, and self-driving cars, for example, are very welcome. Nevertheless, devices based on robotics are not always safe: people cannot fully control autonomous machines and there is a risk that devices will be misused or make harm to humans.
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How can we make healthcare fit for the future?

 

 

Alongside with the development of technology, the quality of healthcare services rose sufficiently. Today in many countries patients can access screening and testing of high quality, furthermore, the newest generation of drugs successfully copes with the majority of diagnosed diseases. Vaccines are also very helpful in preventing epidemics despite controversial opinions existing in the society. The situation in health care might seem idyllic but for its cost. Even in advanced countries, only a part of the population is protected with their insurance that covers most basic expenses on prevention and treatment. The unemployed or low-income population cannot afford to pay for costly medical services. In developing countries, citizens surely rely on free services accessible in their area. Africa, Asia, and the Pacific region have a huge shortage of healthcare workers at the very least. The healthcare infrastructure here is very poor as well.
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What’s the deal with global trade and investment?

 

 

Global trade is an important condition for sustainable development of economies. Traditional trade is not the only option from benefiting from the foreign goods. Businesses all over the world buy and control stakes abroad and usually, all parties benefit from foreign investors. Nevertheless, not everything is quite perfect with foreign partners. Apparently, legal regulation of the international trade cannot come up with parties who strive to enter in business as soon as possible. The countries conclude some bilateral agreements where they determine on which terms each of them shall act. For the beginning, it is enough to trade and make profit, but international partners usually face difficulties if any inconsistencies arise. On the international level there is no shared legislation on global trade acknowledged by all trading countries.
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Long-term investing: how can we plug the gap?

 

 

Long-term investment concerns infrastructure and funds for its construction and maintenance. All over the world, there are places with an advanced infrastructure and without any hard roads at all. Besides many rural areas desperately need roads, grand cities need money to maintain the existing infrastructure. Since the global financial crisis, governments accustomed to overlooking poor quality of roads. They still need taxpayers’ money to invest in other projects that will produce some visible results in the near future. That is why roads that constantly need renovation have to wait until the next government comes and takes care of them.
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Will the future be gender equal?

 

 

Equality of genders, races, and ethnic groups is the precise quality we expect from the future. According to the Global Gender Gap Report, men currently earn twice more than women do. In many countries, female workers are still treated as the lower skilled workforce that shall occupy a range of female-oriented jobs. Their participation in economic development and in political decision-making is low in most countries of the world. Despite gender pay gap globally narrowed only by 4 percent in the last decade, certain countries have made quite prominent progress in empowering women by now. Females make up the majority of parliament in Rwanda. Japan and Turkey succeeded to incorporate women in leadership and technology to close gender pay gap even more. Companies in Mexico have implemented more flexible working hours to make life easier for both men women, while employees in the Republic of Korea may rely on better childcare policies.
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What’s the future of the internet?

 

 

As compared to economy and finance, technology changes really fast. For several past decades we observed how our digital devices became more advanced and the speed of connection sufficiently increased. The present-day internet is quick as lightning, which allows consumers to stay connected anywhere. Speculating about the future growth of the internet, we shall mention the role of augmented reality in it. Mere observation of the internet is the thing of the past already. The next step is projecting an alternative reality in the real world with the help of devices like Google Glass.
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What’s the future of global finance?

 

 

With the current distrust of population to financial institutions, the global system of finance experiences post-crisis depression. While tension between banks and consumers increases, millions of small to medium businesses cannot provide for their financial needs. At the same time, billions of people cannot access financial services necessary to support their households. Obviously, the global financial system cannot continue functioning this way as it does not provide any chances to come out of poverty for those who need to develop.
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What will the world of work look like in the future?

 

 

Conditions and opportunities of the labor market continually change along with new trends and innovations. Entrepreneurs keep on searching for a perfect way of doing business that will make their company exceptionally efficient and profitable. With the development of the internet we can see how new ways of optimization emerge and allow entrepreneurs to cut down the expenses. But at what cost? Will amazing advancements such as robotization or outsourcing really benefit labor force that is the largest social class yet?
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Why should growth be inclusive?

 

 

Inclusive growth is a vital condition that makes an economy prosperous. Such an inclusive nature reveals itself in the wider definition of economic growth as we take into account labor needs and demands that directly influence the economic process. Certainly, participants of the economic process are more than just a labor and their needs and expectations do not come down to getting paid for their activity. Delivering an inclusive growth means providing subjects of economic relationships with necessary health, social and professional protection from the factors that may undermine their productivity and well-being.
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Food security and why it matters

 

 

The issue of food security became especially urgent alongside with the rapid growth of population. Up to a billion people on the planet suffer from malnutrition because of poor availability, stability, or access to food. Despite the prominent advancements in agriculture that make yields as lush as never, not all countries have an access to progressive techniques and abundant natural resources. Asian and African lands are usually difficult to farm on especially for the population on the verge of poverty. People cannot provide themselves with satisfactory food and require aid from food-secure countries. Talking about Western countries, the US had nearly 15 percent of food insecure households in 2015. Low-income families have to live on food stamps to obtain at least some basic nutrition for themselves. K-12 schools still serve lunches that are not enough nourishing to make students productive.
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What can we do in the face of such a large global crisis?

 

 

Current global crisis does not concern merely debts and budgets as it covers many more aspects.  Not to concentrate merely on political and financial troubles that happen every now and then to advanced economies, we shall remember that every community has their own crisis. The expanding gap between social classes, for example, is common in many countries. While higher layers of society are likely to multiply their wealth, the poor struggle even harder to provide for their family and pay all the bills. Social sphere is a weak point even of the strongest economies primarily because improvement requires complex reforms and close attention. Welfare reform is supposed to relieve the position of the poor and uninsured, particularly in the US.
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How would a water well change the lives of the people who had access to it?

 

 

Digging or drilling wells is a very realistic solution to the problem of limited access to freshwater in problematic areas. Africa and Asia suffer from the scarcity of drinking water in the first place; in some areas, people spend a lot of time to find and collect fresh water. Besides, the quality of water taken from natural wells is doubtful in the areas where waterborne diseases prevail and there are no sanitation facilities. With the help of charities, more wells are drilled nearby villages where people need them.
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Why are most micro-loans given to women?

 

 

Empowering women has become not only a motto for feminist organizations but also an aim to the founder of the microfinance business. Muhammad Yunus who was the first to offer micro loans in his Grameen Bank highlights that it is important and reliable to lend money to women in the first place. A vast majority of his borrowers are poor Bangladeshi females who are strikingly successful at making little money work for them. These women who hardly ever held money before Yunus started his initiative appeared to be wise in terms of disposal and giving borrowed sums back. While only 70 percent of typical male borrowers of commercial banks repay their loans, more than 95 percent of poor rural women succeed to pay back micro loans taken at Grameen Bank.
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Where are micro-loans needed most?

 

 

A microloan is a new financing trend that differs from traditional bank loans and offers exceptional opportunities for borrowers who need micro sums of money to start their small business. The practice of lending comparatively small sums of money is uncommon for most banking institutions but in 1974 a banker from Bangladesh started doing that specifically to favor small businesses that do not operate with large sums to take a loan from conventional banks. The trend made perfect sense for developing countries where a microloan applied to some small but working startup can lead small entrepreneurs out of poverty.
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Why do some countries not follow the guidelines of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?

 

 

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was created as a response to the experience of the Second World War. It enshrined a range of basic freedoms that should have been common to people irrespective of their politics or religion all around the world. Being no legal binding document, the declaration was nevertheless adopted by more than 150 countries; it created the background for the International Bill of Human Rights that still remains an integral part of the International Law. The Bill is solely approved and appreciated by numerous national constitutions in the world. Despite a great acceptance, a number of Muslim countries have not signed the UDHR that was claimed to violate the Islamic law. At this place, the UN law scholars ran against the wall of religious difference between the Western and the Islamic worlds. Apparently, the UDHR was not compiled in accordance with legal specifics of such countries as Saudi Arabia that are solely built on the religious background.
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Why is it so difficult to get aid to the regions that need it most?

 

 

Developed countries regularly issue billions of dollars to help the third-world countries get out of poverty so that it is impossible to accuse governments of remaining indifferent to the Millennium Development Goals. Surprisingly, countries that receive generous donations from Western governments (especially countries of South Africa) do not show the slightest progress in combating poverty, which implies that foreign aid is not a universal virtue after all. Asian countries that showed a considerable economic growth in the recent decades did not receive as large sums of aid as Africa did but still they are one step ahead in creating conditions comfortable for living. Presumably, the aid targeted at the development of infrastructure and health care is used by corrupted officials and institutions that do their best to accumulate wealth even in the poorest economies. Therefore, small communities by no chance benefit from money generously donated by rich economies.
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What is the number-one global health concern today?

 

 

Approaching health issues of the decade, it is hardly possible to evaluate some concerns over the others. Outbreaks of Ebola are put in the line with HIV/AIDS, malaria, cancer, and premature deaths. Despite all these issues threaten the international community, some of them are quite global, like HIV, and the others, such as Ebola, are localized in certain regions. Viruses may be considered as the greatest danger to human health today. Living among the infected individuals, no one can be completely sure about their safety.
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How can parents raise their children to be appreciative of other cultures and races?

 

 

Understanding of cross-cultural and racial issues is a must for overcoming the prejudice that has been existed in the global society for centuries. Raising culturally-aware youth is the duty of parents who want their offspring not to be influenced by racist or xenophobic ideas that still exist. But getting acquainted with global culture sounds like a lot of money to many parents. In fact, today people do not need a fortune to cross the borders but a little effort to show foreign people and their traditions.
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How accurate are the fossil records to determine evolution?

 

 

Since 1859, when Darwin presented his theory of evolution of species, bioscience has made a great progress. The statement that once seemed ridiculous obtained quite a solid scientific evidence yet in the twentieth century. All this time, archaeologists have been working hard to find fossils that may explain the nature of creatures that lived millions of years ago. Yet in the nineteenth century, geologists found the relation between various types of rocks and fossils found in them. In brief, they  concluded that the oldest rocks contained no fossils or the simplest sea creatures while the most recent rocks provided remnants of mammals and humans. Current means of dating fossils are known for being highly accurate. There are various types of dating and all of them have the minimal  error bars.
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How is world food produce impacting generations across the world?

 

 

Meeting the world’s demand for food is a tough challenge even for current efficient and productive agriculture. As for now, one billion of people in the world are malnourished due to various reasons. Extreme poverty is the major factor that makes people overdependent on agriculture and deprives them of basic commodities. Nevertheless, developing countries usually have poor accessibility to agricultural products due to the low domestic production and unfavorable international policies. Currently, food production and supply all over the world are developing rapidly to come up with the rates of population growth. World hunger is difficult to combat, however, experts claim it will be reduced by 2050.
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Has excessive use of technology really degenerated our memory?

 

 

Forgetfulness is not a new trait to link it to the development of technologies. It is normal and essential not only to memorize facts but also to forget them. Recently conducted polls claim that today people are forgetful as never, which is associated with the extensive use of digital devices and search engines. If there is no need and desire to hold facts in one’s memory, people gradually lose this skill. Nevertheless, it would be irresponsible merely to blame technologies in our inability to memorize a phone number or any other relevant piece of information because we are the masters of our mind and no one but ourselves chooses how to use it smartly.
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Is evolution by natural selection the governing principle of biology?

 

 

Natural selection is a key mechanism of evolution that explains why living organisms constantly change despite the fact that they inherit a certain set of genes from their ancestors. Variations can be found in all existing populations. Through the lifetime, species interact with the environment, and some individuals acquire mutations that are not pathological. To successfully adjust to the environment, some new traits that were unknown before emerge and the others go away. These mutations are further inherited by descendants, and in a few generations, species can visibly differ from their ancestors. Living beings are not static, and that is what the theory of evolution underlines.
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Creationism vs. evolution: What does the truth tend towards?

 

 

No one knows for sure what stands behind the life on Earth. While some theorists say it is perfectly clear that humans have evolved from less complicated organisms, the others bet we were created by much more advanced minds. This controversy goes on since the moment Darwin came up with his theory of evolution. That was a solid claim that denied the role of the Creator in the existence of all species and turned the human understanding of themselves upside down. Despite numerous scientists have evaluated Darwin’s contribution and agreed with his views, evolution remains to be a theory that urges proponent of creationism to further promote their views.
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