July 6, 2017

Social and psychological causes and problems of divorce

 

 

Divorce is such a multifaced creature that we cannot give a universal explanation why it comes. Things of different nature may equally threaten a marriage and force people to break up unexpectedly. Naturally, for all divorced couples these causes are different.
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The impact of contemporary society; media, world events, economy on youth development

 

 

Social impact on youth is extensive and it shall not be underestimated. Parents have always been cautious about other kids with whom their child plays in the street. But today social environment of an average child has expanded due to the influence of media and social networks. That is why even a child growing up in a village can be influenced by global trends that are not present in their local area yet. In fact, the internet is a primary source of inspiration for teens that enhances the globalization even in the remote areas.
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Goals of substance abuse programs

 

 

Patients with substance abuse do not always realize that something is wrong with their lifestyle. Their family, on the contrary, feels the urgent need to take actions and save their loved ones from complete physical and financial degradation. Organizations such as National Institute on Drug Abuse function to cooperate with patients and their families to get people out of trouble. But combating alcohol or drug abuse is a long and complicated process that puts numerous challenges before healthcare providers.
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Criteria for selecting an appropriate healthcare provider

 

 

In many Western countries, healthcare is a demand-driven system. Thus, patients are consumers who thoroughly think which of the available healthcare providers they would pay. According to the market nature of healthcare, consumers seek the best health care for the most affordable price. At the same time, providers always wonder how they can attract and maintain customers in their industry. Both sides of the “market relationship” find it difficult to cooperate because healthcare is not groceries. Due to the high cost, people think twice before choosing a provider. At the same time, all consumers approach the healthcare from different angles, which makes it impossible for clinics to be liked by everyone.
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Importance of an advertising plan

 

 

An advertising strategy is like a road map for a brand that targets at increasing customers awareness and boosting sales. If a business issues their products into the market, they obviously cooperate with advertising agencies. These agencies provide a wide range of services related to developing and implementing effective marketing strategies. Marketing analysts scan the market to make sure that advertising campaign will pull the attention of the audience. There is no use for businesses to create their own advertising when we have special companies that will handle it.
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The role and responsibilities of a paralegal in a law office

 

 

Paralegals are assistants to an attorney who perform a wide range of tasks that otherwise would be performed by the attorney themselves. Paralegals must have either a college degree or incomplete higher education plus some work experience. Taking on their job, assistants subject to the standards of legal ethics and corporate responsibilities. It would be difficult for many attorneys to work without such an assistant, in the first place, because they cannot perform all the secondary procedural work by themselves every day.
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Customer relationship management practices

 

 

Collecting data from customers and analyzing their interactions is an inevitable part of effective marketing. It is performed by means of customer relationship management. Successful interaction between businesses and customers is a must for customer retention and boosting sales, therefore, companies care about the efficiency of their CRM practices. In the digital age, we have a plenty of tools to find out what the customer purchases and what are their expectations. Customers are regularly informed about news and updates per e-mail, social media or telephone. The feedback is collected from the website as well as telephone, e-mail, live chat, social media. Except for the feedback, businesses commonly operate with customer’s personal data and purchase history.
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Various types and structures of call centers and their roles in organizations

 

 

Call centers became an inherent part of sales organizations as they assure constant and efficient customer support. Nevertheless, call centers may provide other functions depending on their purpose and location.

According to the type of calls they receive, call centers may be inbound or outbound. An inbound call center receives incoming calls from clients. This is a classic example of customer support service that provides help every time a customer needs it. Companies with a large client database commonly have an inbound call center so that the agents may be easily overloaded with calls. In outbound call centers, agents make calls themselves. Previously, outbound centers were strongly connected to telemarketing, but today the market has changed. Progressive companies find it ineffective to trouble the target audience with annoying phone calls and switched to e-mails. Instead, outbound centers are used to contact already existing clients to get client’s response about the received services.
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Importance of product knowledge

 

 

Among all the tools used to boost sales, product knowledge is an obvious and the most frequently ignored one. Information about the product or service is the first thing the sales team is entitled to know, and it seems nothing can go wrong. Nevertheless, sales representatives are people too, and they can overlook some important qualities of the product. In some cases, both clients and managers get confused with the range of products that seem identical. Besides, salespeople may receive complaints of all kinds from the clients, and they will be unable to address them adequately without the solid knowledge of the product or service in question.
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Is slang influenced by culture?  

 

Slang is not only influenced by every particular culture. It is also inseparable from the cultural background. Slang is an opposition to a normative, literary language and refers to numerous subcultures that have been always used specific lexicon. Subcultures are small parts of the large national culture even though they are devalued. Which is more, subcultures influence the formation of a popular culture no less than the standard literary language.
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Role of the artist in creating and executing the art form

 

 

Throughout the history, the role of artists has constantly changed. From the paid artisans to distracted romantics and back – painters adjusted their philosophy to the realities and trends. In the Middle Ages, artists were craftsmen whose work was appreciated if done quickly. Painters worked not only to leave their imprint but also for money. The Renaissance inspired artists to express power and wealth of the noblemen to highlight the greatness of the epoch. Besides, ideas of scientists and philosophers created a new intellectual art, the role of which was to depict discoveries. Baroque court artists worked to promote the aristocracy of their time, their wealth, beauty, and manners. Bohemian and Romantic artists focused on human thoughts and emotions. They created art for the sake of art, and also to express complicated human nature. Back to the Renaissance, it gave the way to revolutionary art. Modern painters aimed to depict society in the disturbing condition, underlining its faults and despair. As for postmodern artists, they became even more concerned with political and social matters.
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Historical development of major art forms

 

 

Painting is known to be the oldest type of art. It emerged when neither architecture nor applied arts were practiced. The first paintings were pictures of animals presumably drawn yet by Neanderthals about 30,000 years ago. Examples of pre-historic painting can be found all over the world in the caves that erstwhile humans used for rituals. Through the Paleolithic times, picturing humans and symbols became common alongside the drawings of fauna. Painting developed almost equally in Eastern and Western civilizations including Americas. Tribes of the African continent did not take interest in traditional painting as face and body paintings were much more important for local rituals.
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The future of magazines and newspapers

 

 

With the technology striding to the most remote backyards of the world, the majority of printed press has become obsolete. Even such giants of the industry as The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal and USA Today experienced major losses in 2013. The disappointing realities caused huge staff optimization. Journalists and correspondents who have been working for more than a decade were laid off. These processes have started in the early 2000s and they still continue today. There is no way printed press can ever get such revenues as it did 20 years ago. The tendency is obvious, and there are only two prospects for printed press. They shall either become digital or die out completely.
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Conflict management techniques

 

 

Conflicts normally arise in all settings uniting two people and more. Either a small household or small business, conflicts may have a crucial impact on micro-social structures. Apparently, it is impossible to prevent conflicts – there are no two people alike in the world but still, we all need to interact. Instead, we can timely address and resolve situations that emerge.
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Techniques for effective media writing

 

 

While the channels of conveying information changed, the readership evolved as well. Today, we are not all-consuming species that trust mass media above all. And writers are not sneaky men searching for a target of another scoop. They use quite different tools to make people read their website.
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The importance of audience in public speaking situations

 

 

Public speaking happens in different situations that range from a birthday party or family dinner to a scientific conference or state elections. For every occasion, we have a different time, place, entrance requirements, and final expectations. Despite the various scale of the event and expectations of the audience, all speakers feel nervous before delivering their ideas to the public. Even if they have carefully prepared the speech and pursue pro-public intentions, the reaction of the audience frequently remains unpredictable. Therefore, we shall take into account preferences and expectations of the audience before the event. The entire sense of public speaking is to persuade people that the speaker has a point; we cannot call the speech an effective one as long as the audience remains indifferent.
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The process of preparing for an effective interview

 

 

Public speaking happens in different situations that range from a birthday party or family dinner to a scientific conference or state elections. For every occasion, we have a different time, place, entrance requirements, and final expectations. Despite the various scale of the event and expectations of the audience, all speakers feel nervous before delivering their ideas to the public. Even if they have carefully prepared the speech and pursue pro-public intentions, the reaction of the audience frequently remains unpredictable. Therefore, we shall take into account preferences and expectations of the audience before the event. The entire sense of public speaking is to persuade people that the speaker has a point; we cannot call the speech an effective one as long as the audience remains indifferent.
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Fundamentals of effective written communication

 

 

Written communication is very routine if we consider chatting and e-mailing as such. At first sight, you do not have to be a skilled writer to maintain everyday online communication. But it is different when you communicate with partners or clients at work. You are very unlikely to send them a paper written letter in an envelope but all basic standards of business writing apply to e-mails as well. Though the means of communication have changed, the importance of putting ourselves clearly and respectfully in writing has not diminished.
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Impact of technology on interpersonal communication

 

 

Interpersonal communication is a comprehensive category that includes workplace, group, intimate, and romantic interaction. Influenced by the Internet and its advantages, communication in all these spheres has largely transformed. 90% of individuals irrespective of their lifestyles are present on social networks every day. Each of us is accessible to the others every time. Our boss, spouse or completely unknown person can contact us whenever they need. People do not hesitate to interact, they cannot see any limits to communication now. And many of them find this exact factor discouraging.
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What skills are necessary for effective communication?

 

 

It seems like most people have all necessary communication skills by default. If we do not have a disability that impairs all our senses and pronunciation at the same time, we definitely can communicate with the entire community or some part of it. Nevertheless, sometimes we feel that our communication fails. We start thinking that something is wrong with our interlocutors. However, the reason is not always hidden in someone else. We often create awkward situations ourselves as we lack some crucial communication skill.
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American sign language and its grammatical elements

 

 

As American Sign Language is a very specific system of communication, it has its own grammar. Just like Americans use English in a certain way, so does the Deaf Community. Although ASL grammar has certainly derived from English, its rules will seem odd to people who do not belong to the Deaf Community.
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Representation of women in video games needs to change

 

 

Video games and feminism belong to different areas of research. Nevertheless, lately we can see more articles addressing representation and objectification of women in video games. Looking for places where gender roles are still well-preserved, researchers found that video games are strongly oriented at boys. Certainly, women are present in most video games, but they are portrayed in very stereotypical roles – a victim to be rescued, a sorceress, a harmless fiction creature etc. In most video games designed for the male audience, women definitely look sexually. In some games, they do not stand in the front line alongside men but influence the combat indirectly. In few games, programmers allowed women perform just the same functions as male characters did.
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Everyone should be trained in emergency medical care, like CPR

 

 

We frequently treat emergency only as a service provided by authorized medical institutions. Though practically everybody can save a life in critical moments, most of us lack experience and training. We do not come across people with a heart attack or victims of car accidents in everyday life. It seems like all we can do to help is to call the ambulance. If only we had some practical skills of emergency care, we could save lives lost in few minutes.
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Universities should set an example by recycling as much as possible

 

 

Trying to implement the culture of recycling, we shall refer to universities first. Young people shall become accustomed to the idea that trash must be treated just as scrupulously as newly produced goods that come to the market. High level of development is not only how much we can produce but also how well we utilize the leftovers. If many modern corporations failed to install recycling systems for their facilities, it does not mean that the mission is unattainable.
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Social pressures are greater on students today than in the past

 

 

Students are always under the pressure. It depends on whether they study in a high school or university, but anyway, they are constantly threatened with a failure. Millennials appeared to be more predisposed to pressure than older generations. According to Gallup report, more than 20% of recent college graduates have changed jobs and occupations a few times in a year, which is much more than middle-aged professionals did. Apparently, it is a result of high expectations established in the society. Parents and teachers want students to choose the occupation yet in the high school and outperform peers to achieve success. Eventually, children choose a wrong occupation that makes them suffer from every single homework.
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College students should be grateful to their family for the opportunity to go to college

 

 

College education is a popular trend today, reasonable from the economic and developmental point of view. Millions of high school students apply to colleges every year, and take it as a challenging experience. They have to present an informative CV to admission officers and pass admission tests successfully. Their GPA obtained at high school also matters in the selection. But children are not the only people who try hard in admission. Their parents frequently take loans to allow their children such a basic but luxurious thing as a higher education.
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College education is worth the cost

 

 

While parents anxiously expect the moment of high school graduation, students are encouraged to enter a college or university. They anticipate better economic opportunities and a successful career coming automatically with a college degree. However, both parents and children have a stereotypical perception of higher education. It is not only about money, career, or envy of peers but also about hard work, choosing an appropriate field of study, and desire to learn through the lifetime.
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How can a student avoid procrastinating?

 

 

Procrastination is common to all people. Every now and then, it makes our mind wander instead of keeping us focused on urgent tasks. While we cannot get rid of procrastination for a long time, a huge pile of tasks is stocking in the meanwhile. Many students generally suffer from procrastination when it is time for doing homework.  Trying to delay complicated tasks, kids waste their precious time on video games, chatting or surfing the net. Later in the evening, they realize that the work has not been done by itself. By that time, kids become already exhausted and even less willing to do anything.
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How can college students study effectively and earn better grades?

 

 

Effective learning is a vague part of schooling. Everyone strives for it, but few students have really succeeded in it. Someone will think that they are bright gifted kids, but it is not the only way to success. Adopting a few good study habits will change students’ perception of their own abilities. Let us get it straight – many kids have much greater academic potential than they think.
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How can we change the welfare system to help people escape generational poverty?

 

 

Generational poverty is a trap for people whose family was poor for several generations in the raw. Such families never rolled down in poverty because they always were poor, just as their ancestors. The saddest thing is that their children are very likely to remain poor too. First, parents do not encourage children to try hard. Education usually is not a priority for such families, and children cannot imagine how and why they shall become different from parents. Next, these children frequently have little access to education. Even if there is a public school nearby, kids are often entitled to work and earn some money to keep surviving. And last, families in extreme poverty frequently get support from the government or local organizations. It discourages them from searching a way out.
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What can be done to eliminate or prevent racism?

 

 

However much we wanted for racism to vanish, this pattern of thinking is ingrained deeply in human mind. Racial discrimination has especially exacerbated with the globalization. Many countries became multinational, and the native population was not always happy about this fact. It is natural for folks to think that strangers – people of a different race – pose a threat to their life. The fear of those who look differently is as ancient as the world, and in all times people wanted to suppress strangers invading their land. Today we try to go away from such an outdated way of thinking, but ruining a stereotype is far more difficult than creating it.
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What can be done to prevent divorce?

 

 

Marriage is a journey that ends up unexpectedly. Not a romantic comparison but still true for many Americans. According to the statistics provided by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 40% of marriages break up all over the US. Some couples break up soon after the wedding ceremony while the others break up having lived 20 years in a marriage. All of them have different problems and one thing in common – these people did not manage to create a strong emotional bond able to tie them for life.
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What is the best way to prevent deaths from drunk driving?

 

 

Apparently, the best way to diminish one’s chances of dying in a car accident is not to drive drunk. Though the victims of drunk drivers are usually innocent and sober, it does not exclude the lethal outcome (especially for pedestrians and cyclists). However attentive the police were, they cannot detect all tipsy drivers on the roads. Neither can drivers resist the temptation to drink up a portion or two of their favorite spirits and drive back home cheerful and elated.
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How can kids be persuaded not to experiment with illegal drugs?

 

 

Sooner or later, most kids come to experiments with drugs. They look like alcohol and cigarettes to teens – just another thing parents forbid them to use. As we know, regular bans are not particularly effective when it refers to substances or sex. Children will anyway discover things that are still new to them. The only way to prevent physical or emotional damage is easy – make kids familiar with the negative experience of substance use.
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The Internet has become the main source of influence on children

 

 

In all times, people have been influenced by mass media. All the difference lies in the type of those media. In the 20th century, the range of mass media was rather limited to newspapers and TV, but today these two are nearly obsolete. The internet is the main source of information and entertainment for people of all ages including children. Parents frequently have no time to spend with kids so that websites became the most accessible educator for all of them.
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Children prefer surfing the Internet than spending time with their friends

 

 

Spending free time playing in the backyard was a pleasant reality of the 20th century. We clearly remember all those sunny days we spent having fun with friends. Perhaps, it is natural that millennials have a different reality. Today it is time to have fun online and explore the environment with the web-browser. Being online does not mean dismissing interaction with peers. Social media are a good starting point to learn more about people you know in the real life and even their friends. But one thing is sure – our backyards became lonesome as children are not laughing there anymore.
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Modern parents are so busy that they have less contact with their kids

 

 

The rhythm of life is very invigorating today. It does not give us a chance to procrastinate as there is so much to do. But many people find this pace disappointing. There is little time left to spend in a family dedicating all the attention to kids. Modern parents are as busy as never working long hours or having an extra job after the main one. Either middle-income or wealthy, most parents have too many errands preventing them from going home and having a nice evening with kids. Even kids are getting busier. Having tutors and favorite extracurriculars after classes, students do not have much free time at home.
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Are developing countries trying to become industrialized ones?

 

 

Many people see developing countries as some tiny helpless creatures that struggle to survive in the industrialized world. Looking at developed economies, it is difficult to imagine that developing countries will ever advance to the level of the US. Economists say that it will take at least 200 years for such countries as Nepal or Bangladesh to make such a remarkable progress. The pace of development is measured according to a country’s GDP per capita, and for developing countries to advance it must be no less than 3 percent per year.
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Nowadays, more and more rubbish is produced. What are the reasons for this and what can be done to reduce this amount?

 

 

Running for profit, we always need to produce more goods. The expansion of markets, increase of existent manufacturing, and rise of new businesses confirm that enhanced production is the only way for us to advance. The world overstuffed with goods is not a place for degradation. Even if we urgently need some.
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What are the possible ways to cope with the problem of homeless people?

 

 

Homelessness is not only a problem of urban aesthetics. While some people find it annoying to see the homeless everywhere, the latter find it difficult to survive. Homeless people are typical to urban areas where there are more chances to get some food at least. As urbanization goes on, more vagrants appear in the streets. You cannot imagine a large city without the homeless (at least in the US), but too many vagrants are not normal for an industrialized country.
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What are some of the main factors that have contributed to the problem of housing and accommodation in many countries around the world?

 

 

Despite the enhanced construction and globalization, the number of homeless people all over the world is increasing. Searching for a better life, people cannot find their place in the world – wherever they go, no one is expecting them with cheap housing and fine job opportunities. The main reason behind such inequality is uneven industrial representation. Only big cities have enough jobs to make the majority of local people employed. As there are no infrastructure and jobs in rural areas, people actively move and make cities overcrowded. Even a huge city cannot shelter all villagers, immigrants, and refugees that come here from everywhere.
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Should industrial factories be situated in big cities?

 

 

Relocating industrial objects from big cities to the rural areas is a common trend in many industrial countries. Urban areas are overstuffed with factories that exacerbate the environmental situation. Besides, big cities are not infinite, and we cannot place all the production there. Industrial facilities require a huge territory, and every spare piece of land within cities is already occupied with construction. So there is no other way but to relocate industrial objects to the rural areas.
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How does globalization influence women worldwide?

 

 

Globalization has altered the post-war world and people living in it. It does not refer merely to women: all people got more opportunities and better prospects for development. As for females, their number in the workplace has almost doubled by 2000. And for the last years, women feel even more empowered. Today, women in the developed world are not restricted to any particular type of business. They are not the only people responsible for the family and they enjoy the rights granted them by the law. Thus, the globalization with its workplaces helped women get essential equality.
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People should get out of their cars and try to use public transport more

 

 

Public transport is a primary source of ironic memes emerging on the network. Always stuffy and packed with hasty people, buses and trams make everyone disappointed about how much time they spend on transportation. Nevertheless, everyone cannot allow themselves a car, and people frequently feel flawed about themselves. However, it must not be this way.
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Is living in a college hostel helpful or harmful?

 

 

College life is something entirely different from high school years. At this point, many students move to the campus and start a more or less independent life. In fact, not all of them enjoy such freedom. Some children got used to being taken care by parents every day and they naturally fail to manage everything on their own. The others got tired of parents bossing around and live it up while away from home. Anyway, students do not seem to learn efficiently and succeed living on campus.
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Should students find a part-time job? Should they limit their hours of working?

 

 

A part-time job is a matter of concern for many teenagers. Young people are about to become fully-independent soon so they strive to start earning own money as early as possible. Working after classes, children actualize as future adults and feel contentment for getting paid. There is nothing extraordinary in the fact that teens do some work after classes or collect money for a particular aim. But still, not all students can manage their work successfully. Many of them neglect their homework or stretch themselves to the limit trying to cope with the pressure. Parents feel devastated as they do not know how to help kids. Some of them ban children from working, though, it does not make kids any happier.
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What is the impact of parents’ involvement in school education?

 

 

In general, parents are some sort of teachers too. They laid the basis for education of children and made it easier for teachers to proceed. Even as their children grow up, most parents feel entitled to their education. Teachers are certainly highly-qualified specialists in their field, but parents have to know for sure whether their kids make any progress at school. Some of them choose to be closer to the life of their school. Volunteering, participating in a school committee, or even attending general meetings with teachers and principals are the most common forms of participation.
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How to help poor students do well at school?

 

Academic performance does not directly depend on the wealth of one’s family but social environment frequently does. Children of poor families are divided into two categories – the first strives to make the way out of poverty and succeed at school. The other category embraces those who did not manage to break up with petty crime and routine of slums. These children never thought about choosing a new path and making their own progress. Because they do not feel capable of changing the outcome for their family in the long run.
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What is the reason for the continuous improvement of sports record? More training? Better nutrition? Drugs?

 

 

For many students, sport is no less important than education. Children who do not take a particular interest in science frequently switch to sports or arts to actualize themselves. But real sport is not as easy as playing soccer in the backyard. Competing on the school level can be challenging for kids without any extraordinary physical training. Nevertheless, some of them want to make a career in sports and work hard to achieve the desirable result. Improvement of their personal record is everything for kids, and they strive to achieve brilliant results. At all costs.
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What are the most important rules at school and why are they important?

 

 

School rules frequently seem dull, obsolete, or even weird. Starting with the rules imposed on the school level, every teacher may have their own requirements. Thus, some teachers ask students to stay after the end of the class if they have not finished yet or give specific instructions, like learning the material by heart. Students (or even parents) frequently do not like school rules as they insult their freedom. Principals, in their turn, insist that students stick to the rules and call parents if students disobey. Neither parents, nor children are particularly happy on such occasions, but violating rules seems to be a part of the school life.
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Are we relying on expensive health technologies like surgery and drugs to cure things that should be taken care of by better lifestyle choices like good diets and exercise?

 

 

People who are too lazy or short-sighted to work on their habits expect advanced medicine to save them from the ruin. In most cases, dangerous habits do cause a damage beyond the repair. Heavy smokers naturally have higher chances of lung cancer that usually comes untreated. An interesting thing is that those people were never really scared by a lung cancer. First, they take it as a rubbish and last, they ignore the disease that can hardly reverse. All in all, they have chosen this lifestyle and are not about to give it up.
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How can we balance the need for good health care with the continually increasing cost of health care drug and testing technologies?

 

 

Numerous advancements in healthcare do not reduce its costs. Quite on the contrary. Lately, Americans have been trapped in the system that gets less accessible with every year. If a person is able to pay for the rising costs every year, they will have all the latest treatment. But if a person struggles to buy an insurance, the situation will not get any better. The US national expenditures on health care constantly rise and so does the spending of households. At the same time, people cannot do without medical services.
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Will eyesight be negatively affected by using E-readers and tablets?

 

 

Advocates of the healthy lifestyle have already made themselves clear as for children using countless digital devices. Apparently, tabs and cell-phones do not only emanate electromagnetic radiation but also keep our eyes focused on tiny objects. Whether reading a textbook or playing a video game, we gradually damage eyesight every day. Doctors are indeed worried about our health prospects as staring at the screen has transcended our leisure time.
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Are computers better at teaching than actual human teachers?

 

 

Digital technology comes to help us with everything including education. At first sight, it seems that the machine cannot fully succeed human intelligence. Indeed, a teacher is more than just a source of information. They always interact with students, estimate their success, and use an individualized approach to help kids overcome difficulties in learning. At the same time, a computer is just a device that helps us access materials and submit answers for teachers to check. The art of teaching cannot be compared to a set of standard operations conducted by the machine. At least for this reason, human teachers will hardly be replafew centuries.
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Will it be possible to provide the world with enough energy from renewable power sources?

 

 

As fossil fuels are likely to become scarce, people pay more attention to renewables. In fact, today we are more threatened by the abundance of fossils than by their scarcity, but the situation can change dramatically in a century or so. Soon we will face the question “Is it possible to provide enough energy from fossil fuels?” Apparently, it looks ridiculous now and people do not rush installing solar panels and buying electric cars. However, this scenario may become quite realistic by 2100.
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The effects of working while attending school or college

 

 

Combining education and work is a must for many people. They are not only adults who decided to get another higher education. Ordinary students, even those living with parents, do not lose the opportunity to make some money after classes. Their motive is clear – if you want to allow yourself something more than you have now, go and earn money for it. Parents are not always positive about such decisions. Some of them want children to put all efforts into studying while the others appreciate kids becoming more independent. Depending on the activities and the potential of students, we shall say that worries of adults are well-reasoned.
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Optimism boosts immunity

 

 

The relation between positive emotions and mental health is undeniable. High spirits help us to remain calm and stable for a long time. At the same time, we cannot reject the connection between positive mood and physical well-being. Once scientists tested the immune system of students after stressful classes and pleasant extracurriculars. Students had dead mumps virus injected under the skin that was meant to trigger a cellular immune response in the place of injection. The test showed that students who experienced positive emotions for a while had a larger immune response than their stressed peers.
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When should parents allow teens make their own decisions?

 

 

Decision-making is crucial for all of us, especially for young adults who start managing life on their own. Many parents allow children to decide for themselves since the teenage years, which is correct only partially. If a 15-year-old child is accustomed to parents deciding everything for them, it would be very difficult for the kid to integrate into an independent life. In fact, permission to take first responsible decisions shall be given yet at the age of 6.
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People will be miserable without the society

 

 

People are meant to live in the society. Communication and successful integration into the social environment are a part of human nature. Inability to become a member of the community causes discomfort to us, and we always try to befriend someone in a new social environment. Cooperation is another necessity for us as social beings cannot obtain everything they need without the help of other people.
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Should a person begin a career or enter university at 18?

 

 

Higher education is clearly a benefit to a young person, but a college degree has become a luxury for many. Not all parents can afford themselves yet another bill, especially a pricey one. But entering a university is not only about money. With a huge number of students willing to skip the last grade of high school, many kids cannot see the point of university education. Graduation certificate is not a guarantee that a student will be employed and paid enough to manage independent life. To be more confident in their future, teenagers start working after high school and skip the entire stage of higher education. They may take a year or two of specialized training and proceed in their career without wasting time and money they do not have.
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Conflict of generations is inevitable

 

 

Relations between parents and children have never been simple. Different intentions, perspectives, and experience make generations look at the world differently. The generation gap is evident in communication. The entire family may be at odds if its members do not tolerate views of each other. The conflict of generation is common in families with conservative parents, but generally, it is not a typical scenario for all. The conflict happens as people do not listen to their loved ones and do not intend to hear them.
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Television is creating a new variant of culture

 

 

Television was one of the media that truly shaped current popular culture. Years ago, teenagers spend their screen time mainly watching TV shows. It is unlikely that many teenagers continue watching TV today with all social networks and video games. But back in the 2000s, television was an important medium that set the tone of life for the audience. As for today, TV channels have not much influence over the people who prefer online media. Once incredibly popular, reality shows are losing their ratings because the audience does not want a stale identical content. Online media are more progressive in this respect. YouTube channels satisfy even the pickiest viewers. This is the time for video bloggers to shape popular culture and set new trends.
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It is good to learn 2-3 foreign languages for children

 

 

Learning foreign languages is an insight into a new culture and a good way to keep children busy. All parents want their kids to grow the smartest students, and some of them have tutors for every subject yet at the preschool age. At the same time, many Americans treat foreign languages like a whim. What is the use of learning half-a-dozen languages if English is understood and spoken everywhere in the developed world? Europeans are more flexible in this respect – most of them speak a couple of languages besides their native tongue.
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Should cars be prohibited in the centers of large cities?

 

 

Traffic is an immanent part of the city life. Most big cities are tightly packed with cars that create difficulties to public transport and pedestrians that move in city centers. Not all of them have lanes for cyclists who are the most endangered participants of the city traffic. Nevertheless, the number of cars keeps increasing.
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Malls have improved the way we shop

 

 

Huge malls introduced an entirely new culture of shopping. Descendants of old department stores, they combined everything a customer may need in one space. Grocery, hardware, clothing, beauty products, entertainment, and space for children – shopping malls were designed to pull a customer and make people spend their money in one place. There is no way a customer in the 21st century would visit separate outdoor stores to buy everything according to the list. They just go to the mall nearby and have their shopping done in a couple of hours.
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Why should we appreciate the natural world more?

 

 

The nature around us is extremely diverse, but there is one thing common to all living beings. They are exhaustible. It is a popular thing to say about fossil fuels, but in fact, ecosystems are not resistible to any human activity too. Under the influence of human and natural force, ecosystems have started to shrink. As for now, we already know species that become extinct in the last decades. They were the most vulnerable to intervention and died out the first. But there is no guarantee that currently endangered species will not extinct in a century or so. It would be wise to travel and appreciate the natural beauty of our planet as it is very transient.
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Why do preconceived notions often turn out to be false?

 

 

The main problem with prejudices is that they are really lasting imprints of old ways. They took roots so deeply in human minds that no one really thinks about where they come from. But if we did, we would find that the cause behind those creepy misconceptions does not exist anymore. Originally, beliefs that are called stereotypes now were used to help people define individuals as members of some group. As social realities gradually changed, these tools for generalization remained the same.  Obviously, the majority of the society lags behind as compared to progressive individuals, and getting rid of prejudice requires generations of people. Traces of old beliefs can possibly correspond with objective reality but it can be merely a coincidence. There is no correlation between people of the 21st century and 200-year-old standards.
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How to become a smart consumer?

 

 

Being a consumer is not difficult. It is rather routine and interesting activity. On the other hand, purchasing can be a time-consuming waste of money.  When we go shopping, we do not plan to spend a small fortune in malls, but still, impulse buying happens. Every time we see beautiful things, something prevents us from making responsible decisions. The desire to own and collect takes over the strive to save money, and we hardly control our consumer self.
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Causes and effects of impulse buying

 

 

 

Impulse buying is a natural consequence of living in a prosperous consumer society. Half a century ago, few people could afford themselves impulse buying. First, the Western society was not as wealthy as now, and last, there were not so many products to buy. The 21st century brought the boom of manufacturing so that showcases and websites became filled with hundreds of identical products. At this point, marketing specialists started working with the products and adjusting them to the needs of people who do not actually need anything like that. But they want to realize themselves as smart consumers.
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How has communication changed in the last 20 years?

 

 

With all existing digital devices, our communication has become less personal. Typing an email is not like writing a letter when you carefully select right words to put into a story. Once, sending a letter definitely meant more than typing and receiving hundreds of e-mails today. With unlimited opportunities to contact a person, interpersonal communication degraded, whether we like it or not.
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What are the techniques or methods that could help teachers do their job more effectively?

 

 

Effective learning is hardly possible without effective teaching. Tutor’s guidance is essential to comprehending material and developing creativity. But teachers frequently do not know how to pass their knowledge so that it took roots deep in the student’s mind. The ability to share experience and inspire other people singles out a true teacher out of a group of skillful professionals.
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How and why people do choose the particular foods they eat?

 

 

Our eating habits are more complex than we think. Even if primitive (like eating snacks and street food), they can be extremely difficult to eradicate. We make choices basing on current trends and the influence of important people. Students frequently prefer widely-promoted snacks popular in their community. Teenagers wish to take a break from healthy food supplied by parents and get some tasty snacks while they are not at home.
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Most high school schedules include a study hall period several times a week. Is study hall a waste of time or a necessary break from class?

 

 

The practice of adding a study hall in between classes can be helpful as well as annoying. Practicability of a study hall rather depends on the school and its policies as well as on students. Some of them strongly require an extra time to catch up with their work or come to teachers and resolve various study issues. The others use study halls to communicate and hang out with peers. Most teachers admit that a free period is a huge relief for themselves and for students who need their attention.
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Are students learning enough science in high school?

 

 

Science appeared to be a stumbling block for many American students. Currently, one-third of American graduates are about to continue learning STEM subjects in college as compared to more than a half of Asian students taking interest in the field. Even taking into account that science, technology, engineering, and mathematics are associated with well-paid professions of future, students still hesitate to make their choices in favor of STEM occupations. Many of them just struggle to perform well enough to become a demanded engineer or mathematician.
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Should people lease or buy new cars?

 

 

Leasing has recently become a good alternative to purchasing a car. While prices on vehicles continue to rise, people prefer to lease. One-third of vehicle sales accounts for leasing that allows people to have a brand-new car for few years. Students and families have already evaluated financial benefits of leasing, however, it is not always better than a traditional buying a car.
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Should candidates with a criminal record be allowed to run for office?

 

 

Apparently, the US Constitution does not prescribe any restrictions for felons running for the presidency. It mentions the age and nationality of the president as well as restrictions for reelection but not a word about a criminal record. Perhaps, it implies that the candidates would receive additional vetting from their states at the very beginning of the elections. As a matter of fact, every American government has a range of candidates convicted of crimes such as corruption, money laundering or fraud. Some of them were convicted of child pornography. Whatever their crime was, it does not change the violation of law inadmissible for a president-to-be.
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Should a parent be a child’s disciplinarian, or a child’s best friend?

 

 

As times change, our ideas about perfect education style modify as well. They mainly depend on the culture of every particular community but with every year more parents decide themselves how they should or should not communicate with a child. In the Western culture, a friendly tone of communication is quite popular. Modern parents raise their modern children in the atmosphere of cooperation, especially if parents are still young adults. In Asian tradition, authoritarian style is very common, which makes parents and children communicate at different levels. Nevertheless, we cannot tell that either of them is educating children wrong.
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Do students perform better on exams if classical music is played softly in the background?

 

 

Numerous factors influence student’s performance, starting from the morning spirits in their family to extra hours spent with a tutor. Once researchers even proved that the background music playing in the room improves performance at the exams. Apparently, students who listened to Mozart and other classics were inspired by the tunes and separated themselves from the pressing environment in such a way.
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Is a good education a right or a privilege?

 

 

Education seems to be a problem not only for the poorest countries. While millions of children living in rural areas all over the world cannot access school, teenagers in big cities struggle to enter the college. GPA requirements do not create any difficulties – in most cases, prices on education make a college degree inaccessible to high school graduates. If their parents do not get into debts paying off education bills, these students are privileged indeed. If such different social groups have the same problem, something is definitely wrong with education in this world.
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Who makes a better leader: someone who is loved, or someone who is feared?

 

 

A person of leader always looks like someone surreal. They manage governing and motivating their people at the same time to help them achieve common goals. Leaders may combine support and tough love if necessary but anyway, their followers always feel confident and secure when guided by a good leader. That is why a leader shall combine a long list of qualities that make them build trustworthy relations with followers and create an effective team.
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What one item from the twenty-first century would be placed in a time capsule for future generations if it were possible?

 

 

The very beginning of the 21st century is famous with so many digital devices having been invented.  People who could hardly adapt to the presence of a computer in their life became simply astonished by the further progress that came faster than ever. For this reason, tablets, iPods, or 3D printers embody the present-day life. Would we like to place them in a time capsule to let future generations see what our life looked like? It depends on whether we consider technology the top priority to speak about in ages. Or maybe we should put a piece of coal in the capsule for our descendants to see this exceptional natural material that will be completely exhausted in a century or so?
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Is American society really too competitive?

 

 

Competitiveness is a quality that can enhance development as well as make people degrade. Well-known for their competitive spirit, Americans are the first in most spheres of industry, science, and art. If there is an opportunity for making business, Americans will always perform and outperform to secure their domination in the market. Competitiveness always comes along with success because living in the nation of entrepreneurial people you have to work really hard to pull consumers to your business. Nevertheless, the desire to compete more and more frequently turns our activities into races of obsessed people. And we cannot enjoy our hobbies this way.
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July 5, 2017

Should school cafeterias be required to provide low-fat and/or vegetarian lunch options to accommodate the eating habits of all students?

 

 

One-size-fits-all policies are very convenient for those who implement them but not for the target group. It refers to various public policies including school lunches. Providing identical lunch sets for all students is easy for the management but still, it does not mean that all students are equally satisfied with this food. In fact, many students in the US are not satisfied with their lunches in the slightest. For this reason, the entire policy of the lunch supply shall be revised.
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If someone discovered a formula that would enable us to live forever, would that be a blessing or a curse?

 

 

Eternal life is an interesting topic for fiction writers but all of us know that no substance like the so-called philosophers’ stone exists. Human life is limited to several decades – so long our organs and systems can function. We constantly strive to discover some secret of longevity, but expanding our age to one more decade certainly would not make any dramatic difference.  Nevertheless, we continue speculating about possible benefits of some imaginary eternal life.
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Is “an eye for an eye” a good basis for determining an appropriate punishment?

 

 

Eye for an eye is an ancient way of punishment mentioned yet in the Old Testament. This principle, however, was meant to be applied only in the courts as the Bible generally instructs people not to take revenge. Even today many people consider that it would be moral not to hurt offenders back in response to their actions. In the legal practice, the eye for an eye principle may be found only in cases of capital punishment that is also a controversial topic. Therefore, we generally try to go away from this principle in most spheres of life.
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Are reality TV shows of high quality these days?

 

 

We may like or condemn them but unscripted reality shows of an average-quality became an essential part of TV in the 21st century. These shows resemble products manufactured on the assembly line – the same quality, format, and topics that succeed one another. Reality TV is certainly profitable and popular these days. But yet in the 2000s it was much more demanded than now. While producers continue filling the prime-time with more identical shows of low quality, the audience is gradually switching to other forms of content.
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Why should we start forming more good habits?

 

 

Whatever our habits are, they eventually become a part of us. We cannot avoid eating the same food or going to bed at the same time because we have already got used to living this way. Most of our habits were developed unintentionally. Dropping into a coffee shop on the way to work, for example, seems natural just because these shops are everywhere. So we just go and buy a coffee and sandwich not to become hungry too fast. We do not think much about whether we really need that coffee or not.
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Does computer communication prevent us from developing interpersonal skills and limits our ability to have meaningful relationships with others?

 

 

We frequently accuse social media of making us fear communication in the real life. We perceive these two types of communication like two parallels that will never intersect. However, social networks may actually help shy people to get rid of their fears that really prevent joining into a meaningful interaction. Apparently, it all depends on the amount of time we spend online – communication on Facebook shall go side by side with interaction in the real life.
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Why do people prefer to have fewer children these days?

 

 

While overpopulation remains to be very topical for developing countries, the developed world has set a new trend of a one-child family. With every year, more and more young families decide that they will have the only child. Family values do not seem to deteriorate but few households have 3 and more kids now. Apparently, lifestyles have visibly changed for the last century so that many couples think twice before deciding to have more than 2 children.
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Should junior high and high schools require students to spend a certain number of hours each term doing volunteer work or community service?

 

 

As volunteering is gathering its pace in the US, more people become motivated with contributing to their community. Some of them travel abroad to gain a unique volunteering experience there and the others choose not to volunteer at all. To many of us, volunteering is still something new; we cannot understand why in the world working for free is so popular in the time when people are mostly concerned about their own business. To develop the society that is ready to volunteer, we have to ingrain volunteering in schools. Every student shall try to do some community work and see that volunteering can be interesting activity as well.
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Is six hours of television each day too much?

 

 

For most working people, 6 hours is a huge time span. During 6 hours, we can get enough sleep to remain productive the next day. This time is also enough to perform most tasks at work. But in terms of screen time, 6 hours are far too much. It means that people spend nearly half of the day merely watching TV. Taking into account degenerating content streamed by the majority of channels, these are 6 hours of a complete waste of time. That is good if the audience can find something really interesting and amazing to watch on TV. But so much screen time can be possible only for the elderly.
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Why should people volunteer for a charity?

 

 

According to the data provided by British National Council for Voluntary Organizations, more than 90 percent of charities in the UK are run entirely by volunteers. That is how non-profit organizations reduce their operation costs and survive. In many European countries it is common for citizens to volunteer and contribute to their community in some way. Many of those who cannot donate money choose to work with organizations as volunteers. On the one hand, people benefit from feeling useful; on the other hand, charities can exist and perform their functions.
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Should children be given allowance regardless of their behavior or for completing chores or when they have behaved properly?

 

 

All families treat their money differently. Some people spend it without thinking, the others make decisions before purchasing anything. The same refers to allowance. Some parents do not restrict their kids in pocket money while the others count precisely how much their children need to spend in a day. In some cases, pocket money becomes a reward for extra work, which means students get their allowance from time to time. Deciding whether to give pocket money or not, parents shall bear in mind that money is a basic necessity, reward, and a tool that forms child’s mind at the same time.
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Social networking technologies will bring about great changes in educational methods, in and out of the classroom

 

 

Ignoring social networking in education has become difficult and ineffective today. Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn do not only help students to spend their free time surfing through the interesting content. They made up a new lifestyle that changed the way we learn, work, and interact. It would be very wise for teachers to adopt this lifestyle too and encourage students to be active in and out of the classroom.
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The “digital divide” is a secondary problem in the educational needs of the developing countries

 

 

Developing countries try to cope with a heavy pile of pressing problems in all spheres of social life. Education is not an exception. All developing countries require different innovations to improve their education but, unlike in the developed countries, these needs have nothing to do with digital devices. High-tech equipment is more interesting to the industrialized countries while the developing ones simply do not have adequate premises for their students. The renovation is a must for urban and rural schools there because children frequently are exposed to toxic chemicals or mold. In some areas, schools are destroyed by war. In sub-Saharan Africa, girls do not attend schools because of absent sanitation facilities.
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The continuing introduction of new technologies and new media add little to the quality of education

 

 

Improvement of public education is a constant goal for the US. While the country has one of the highest rates of high school dropouts in the world, educators try to find new ways to improve students’ performance. Enriching schools with digital devices is currently on the agenda. Apparently, old ways of schooling such as using paper books or outdated paper-printed maps do not let more digitally-advanced students learn efficiently. Kids do not need a heavy backpack full of stuff anymore as they have tablets and laptops. They do not want to look at old graphs if they can watch nice educative videos in the class. On the other hand, middle schools are full of students non-motivated to study. They cannot make any progress because of their social background, family neglect, minority status, disabilities etc. These kids require more than digital devices in the class.
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The elimination of global poverty is the greatest moral challenge facing the world today

 

 

As a consequence of numerous factors that hinder the development of societies, poverty became a global problem. None of the existing societies is enough homogeneous for all people to get an equal income. Eventually, little percent of people own excessive assets while the prevailing part of the population is below the poverty line. The situation is especially acute in the developing countries where the population of rural areas is devoid of basic necessities. Limited possibilities to access education and come out of the poverty make population degrade very fast. That is why organizations such as the UNO put the elimination of global poverty as their prior concern.
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The media offers a deformed outlook on life

 

 

A biased outlook of mass media is a reality but not a dysfunction. Our wish to have an impartial look at current events is incompatible with the way how content is created. Journalists are not cameras and not mirrors; they are humans who cannot retell a story without putting something personal in it. Psychologists have already proven that people always insert their attitude in the story even if they do not aim to mislead the recipient. But human nature is such that we cannot avoid it.
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Advertising creates artificial needs

 

 

The power of persuasion is everything to advertisers. Even if the target audience does not need 80 percent of new products that come to the market, advertising specialists have a task to persuade people that they really need it all. There is an interesting correlation: the more consumers’ well-being grows, the more they believe advertisers. If we are successful, well-off, and busy, we certainly need more things than we have now. Or at least, we think that we do.
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A person cannot be whole while most of the world is broken

 

 

We constantly lose the feeling of contentment in our everyday life. Observing the imperfect world around us, we feel dismal and unhappy. It is disappointing to see landfills among the gorgeous landscapes, helpless children wandering in the streets or families living in city slums. In some places, the picture is even more distressing – children who cannot go to school or have a happy childhood look at us from the website of UNESCO and other social initiatives. At this moment, we stop to live our own lives. We put ourselves in the place of someone else to sympathize. And we forget that life is more than sad pictures we can see in the streets. Life is the space we create to be happy and satisfied.
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