May 25, 2016

Nonverbal communication

 

 

Nonverbal part of any conversation is actually no less informative than the verbal one. For this reason many people still appreciate live face-to-face meeting more than chatting, as they can observe their interlocutor and see the way they move, grimace, and gesture. Such indicators do not only help to get some more information about speaker but also to discover their attitude towards their own words, subject of conversation, and audience.
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Mental Illness and Aging

 

Aging is a normal process which indicates that the human organism wears out. Aging is caused and accompanied by slowing down of most processes of interchange in our body, which inevitably drags unpleasant feelings and much higher chances of developing physical disorders. Here especially belongs group of conditions immanent to elderly people where we can find diabetes, cardiovascular conditions, osteoporosis, various inflammations of joints like arthritis etc. Women in their turn suffer the range of unpleasant illnesses caused by reducing of hormones and slow chemical interchange.
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Mental Development of Special Children

 

 

Children with special needs are those who have various disabilities due to the restricted physical or mental development or damaged health. Various physical and mental conditions are likely to cause a child’s organism to slow down its development and make affected kids stay out among their peers.  As a consequence of ignoring special needs of children an inability to move, learn, communicate and, generally speaking, live a normal life will emerge.
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Learning disabilities

 

 

Difficulties in mastering certain skills like reading, writing or calculating is quite wide spread in American schools as well as abroad. Parents usually find out learning disabilities of their kids at the early age when the child has started attending primary school. Dysfunction of such kind are caused by quite vague and common causes as heredity, complications of pregnancy, and post-birth accidents which can actually influence child’s organism in many ways. Learning disability is a condition characterized by limited activity of certain parts in human brain, thus it becomes difficult for a kid to process certain information. Certainly, learning disability must not be confused with child’s higher potential to one sciences and weaker understanding of the other. All kids are individuals, and various parts of brain can be developed differently, nevertheless, learning disability is a perfectly visible fail in performing basic tasks children normally master at primary school or even earlier.
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Leadership

 

 

Without a person of leader organization of work in groups and fulfillment of collective tasks seem impossible to achieve. Leadership has a direct connection to possessing certain social skills and psychological traits that are crucial for one person’s ability to take a greater pressure on themselves. The first leadership models appeared in ancient times, they changed and developed throughout a history. Yet, it is important to point out that no social group united by the same target could ever exist without a person who provided motivation and drive to other members.
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Such complex phenomenon as language clearly distinguishes humans from other living beings. We use limited number of sounds and syntactic patterns to create unrestricted speech fragments that help us to communicate verbally. Acquisition of language is a process of adopting syntactical and morphological patterns and developing an ability to make up new verbal fragments and reproduce them in speech. Language acquisition concerns both kids adopting first language and students or adults learning second language.
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Judgment

 

 

Making judgments is inherent to every human. We got used to judge other people, their actions, views, believes, and preferences. The problem with judgment is that very often we do it taking into account minor traits of others or, what is even worse, we judge without making a critical analysis before. And once the opinion has been made, it is difficult to change. The first impression always plays a crucial role in treating people. Wrong judgment can cause a wide range of interpersonal problems from misunderstanding to discrimination and humiliation of individuals. Making judgments based on solid facts is a key to creating sound interpersonal relationships and beating social stereotypes.
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How Individual Differences Affect Stress?

 

 

It is a common fact that all people respond to stress differently. That is explained by belonging to different types of personality and possessing various character traits. Type of nervous system, speed of responding to external factors, frequency of impulses in brain, and many others individual characteristics make us cope with stress just in the way we do it. Probably, some of us would like to be more strong and decision-making in order to solve problems easily and quickly, but they just become shocked and depressed instead. And that happens due to having a particular personality type.
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How Does Social Anxiety disorder Affect the Routine Life of a Person?

 

 

Social anxiety disorder is a very common problem in the US. Being antisocial has become a normal condition to more than a half of American population. Researchers link increasing social phobia with dramatic rise of social networks as reject necessity of everyday face-to-face communication. Being afraid of other people and their opinions comes out of the ordinary shyness; but frequently feeling uncomfortable to make phone calls, even on business, and to do a job involving communication skills scares people and make them separate from every possibility of meeting others.
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How Bipolar Disorder Affects the Routine Life of a Person?

 

 

Bipolar disorder is characterized for people suffering from drastic mood swings and constant change from one extreme to the other. Patients experience peaks of high and low neural activity, from aggression to depression. The disorder occurs due to the range of causes inherent to related mood and personality disorders; among them genetic predisposition, imbalance in brain chemicals and co-occurrence of related psychological diseases are distinguished.
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Gender roles

 

 

Every society has a certain set of norms on every stage if its existence. These norms include socially constructed behavioral patterns inherent for males and females. Gender roles were predetermined by physiological differences and transformed dramatically with time. They were frequently misused for various political and religious targets in the past, which gave a start to sexism, discrimination, and gender-biased stereotypes. Strong influence of gender roles greatly depends on religion, culture, and general level of the social development.
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May 24, 2016

False memories

 

 

False memories syndrome is closely connected to the topic of memory modification. False memories do not emerge on their own: they are usually a consequence of hypnosis or other type of therapy conducted by psychologist. Having an actual memory of a sorrowful event suppressed by one’s mind is a possible consequence of a mental trauma; but very often people imagine themselves events that did not occur in reality or are induced by other people to confirm events that never happened.
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Eating disorders

 

 

Abnormal eating habits are quite common nowadays. Though they have been defined as mental disorders, they greatly affect both physical and mental health of individuals. Eating disorders embrace a range of conditions related either to excessive eating or to consuming insufficient amount of food. Some reveal themselves in children, though it often becomes clear already in the adulthood that something is wrong with eating. Despite the wide range of causes, psychotherapy provides an adequate solution for each type of eating disorders.
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Dreams

 

 

Such private matter as dreams has received quite ambiguous coverage in the course of history. In ancient times they were supposed to be prophecies sent by gods for people to predict their future. As  humanity developed enough to research the structure and processes occurring in human brain, the mechanism of dreaming became more understandable for people. Besides, there appeared few psychiatric theories on interpretation of dreams, some of them obtained more acknowledgment, the others – less. Anyway, people still do not lose their interest in dreams and invent their own ways to decipher scenes and pictures they observe in sleep.
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Does Gender Affect Memory?

A lot of studies have shown that brain of men and women works differently. Men are known to memorize spatial information better that women while for the latter it is easier to remember figures, words, and facts. Scientists claim that such division can be explained by minor differences in brain structure of males and females. They involve better development and enhanced activity of different brain centers.
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Does Gender Affect Depression in Individuals?

 

 

When it comes to depression, psychologists claim that gender makes a difference. Though all depressed people share a range of characteristic symptoms, they frequently do not coincide in males and females. Besides manifestation, even causes of the condition can vary due to the gender marker.
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Different Stages of Human Development

Human development is one of the most miraculous phenomena that we know. Looking at photos of people taken at various stages of their development we wonder how such a tiny baby grows into an ambitious adult and then ends up in a picture of a senile person with a walking stick.
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Depression

 

 

A great amount of people in the US complain on being depressed. They describe alike symptoms that come down to melancholy, low spirits, being too much indifferent or, on the contrary, experiencing outrages of anger and hysteria. These and many other symptoms are the same for people with depression. Although some people still consider such mood swings negligible, doctors have proved depression to be a serious mental condition that requires an immediate treatment.
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Child abuse

Child maltreatment is extremely unfortunate but such a frequent crime nowadays. Having a tough childhood gives a push to variety of social problems as well as physical traumas and mental conditions. Violence, poverty, sexual exploitation, drug and alcohol addiction, juvenile delinquency, high rate of crime – all these “diseases of society” emerge as kids all over the world are badly treated, beaten, and used for various purposes. The American law is strict in respect to those who neglect children; there are child protection agencies that control implementation of human right among kids. Nevertheless, child abuse has spread world wide.
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Borderline personality disorder

 

 

Borderline personality disorder belongs to the mental conditions that perplex our apprehension of other people and ourselves. The condition can have a wide range of manifestations from overestimating people to committing a suicide. Patients with borderline personality disorder always rush into extremes and are unable to define aurea mediocritas in their estimations. They usually have difficulties with settling stable relationships and frequently experience periods of harsh mood swings. The latter give a boost to dangerous behavior as attempts to harm others or themselves. Actually, any type of extreme behavior can point out to developing borderline personality disorder.
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Attraction, romance and love

 

 

As there exist several types of human appreciation, we confuse them so frequently. Despite we are aware that the difference between love, romance, and attraction potentially exists, sometimes it seems so vague that we got used to apply just “love” to any of them. Nevertheless, misunderstanding can be tricky and lead to disappointment. For this reason it is crucial for individuals to label their feelings correctly.
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Attention span

 

 

Ability to pay attention to things is crucial for children and their further development. Parents are usually annoyed when kids are too easily distracted, and teachers consider it as disrespect to themselves and indifference to their subjects. But attention span in people differs depending on wide variety of reasons starting from their age and ending up with occupation. Thus, focused attention of little kids can comprise only few minutes when in teenagers and adults this figure reaches about 20 minutes. It can be perfectly visible as the youngest students have certain difficulties with concentrating at lessons, that is why their curriculum remains in a process of constant improvement.
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Antisocial personality disorder

 

 

Cruel, cold-blooded, and very difficult to cure, antisocial personality disorder acquired a stable rise among other personality disorders over the last decade. Its essence lies in displaying violent, despotic, inhuman behavior and predisposition to heinous crimes without feeling any remorse for inadequate actions. People with antisocial personality disorder are usually dangerous for their social environment.
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Women are better parents than men

 

Parenting implies great responsibilities, vast amount of time and energy, and patience in upbringing kids. Before the child is born not everyone fully realizes what the profession “parent” looks like. But having a baby turns a lot of things upside down, and, what is more, parental tasks do not get easier with time. As children grow up, their parents notice even more weird or suspicious things about their offspring.
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Why aren’t doctors held to the same rest standards as pilots?

 

 

There is a range of professions which we consider to be extremely stressful. In these occupations people either work with dangerous substances or are active round the clock. They often have vast responsibilities and are continually concentrated on the process. One of them are pilots. Surely, the pressure is extensive; first of all they need to have a brilliant state of health as so many lives depend on skills and abilities of the pilots. Second of all, constant flights are likely to cause over-exhaustion so that pilots need more time to recreation. Usually, they have quite a satisfactory work-rest schedule, as employers realize how disastrous can be consequences of pilots’ insufficient rest. But, certainly, there are many other stressful professions, and the rest of such workers must be appreciated as well. Among them doctors are to be mentioned in the first place.
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Why are women prescribed tranquilizers three times as often as men?

 

 

The vogue on prescribing tranquilizers remains very strong by this time all over the US. Living in the era of increased stress people seize for every opportunity to diminish it. But stressful factors usually do not accept equality of men and women – females detect symptoms of anxiety and depression much more often than males, and this is the perfect reason why so often tranquilizers are prescribed to women. Actually, men are more reticent when it comes to some indistinct symptoms and they just continue living their normal life, unlike women. The latter are much more predisposed to panic on the basis of health problems, especially when they have much more responsibilities than men do.
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Why are poor people more likely to be obese?

 

 

Recent studies show that such an urgent problem as obesity is interrelated with the other global threat – poverty. At first thought, the connection between phenomena looks feeble or exaggerated, but, unfortunately, it is true. Americans with lower incomes are several times more likely to get obese than well-off citizens. Poor education often comes along with low salaries and enhance obesity even more. The reasons for such negative dynamics are numerous. Among them conditions in which pregnant mothers lived, their lifestyle, how long they breastfed their babies, and what kind of food kids received from the early age. Sure enough, above mentioned factors create a predisposition to obesity, and than it can be strongly contributed to by kids and teenagers living unhealthy lifestyle and consuming food poor in nutriments.
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Why are many colleges and employers reviewing a candidate’s blog as a part of the interview process? How might this effect how young people’s blog?

 

 

Blogging and posting content on social networks is a vital part of our online identity. Manifestation of our own lifestyles and promotion of the views of others is a means of displaying personality. And  employers are aware that most applicants have a blog or a Facebook profile which becomes an additional source of information about their future employees. Surely, human resource workers would like to know more about people who will become responsible for their corporate success, and especially about their weak points and predilections. That is why checking blogs is a recommended step colleges and organizations should make before accepting applicants.
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May 10, 2016

Who is Tim LaHaye and how is he spending his millions?

 

 

When we think that pastors can be found only in churches we make a certain mistake; and career of Timothy LaHaye is an acknowledgment of this fact. Christian minister and writer, Tim LaHaye is well known in the US and abroad for his activity in politics and even more – for his Left Behind series of bestselling fiction about apocalypse. Having received a good education, practiced at christian college, and streaming his believes into politics the former priest became a public figure.
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When criminal behavior can be explained by a medical condition, how should the criminal justice system respond?

 

 

Committing a crime cannot be justified by any explanations. The guilty must be found and held responsible by all means. But how judges are supposed to make a fair decision when the criminal behavior was caused by mental disorders? Surely, such problem shall have somehow different solution.
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Lack of attention in children is a problem that makes their parents worried. Many of them become anxious when they notice that kids are inattentive, hyperactive, and impatient; consequently they rush to pediatricians to find out the cause of strange behavior. Indeed, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a condition that prevents children from proper socialization and intellectual development. Moreover, doctors connect Attention Deficit with the most common sleeping disorders claiming that these conditions share some symptoms and frequently come along. Still, not only children but also adults are diagnosed with Attention Deficit and experience inconveniences in their life caused by the condition.
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What is the etymology of key words in computer and technical jargon such as fax, mouse, gopher, blog, podcast?

 

 

Technologies do not stay and wait for those who are not acquainted with them yet; it is a sphere which obtained a rush development over the last few decades. And as long as we invent new objects, we need to give them names.  Though we got used to name the things as everybody does, it often does not occur to us what is their source and why we call them so.
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What caused last season’s dramatic increase in the number of hurricanes?

 

 

Natural disasters appeared to be even more harsh over the last decades, and that is not a coincidence. Climate change tends only to exacerbate when affected by results of human activity. And it all makes favorable conditions to increasing number of storms,  typhoons, and other destructive forces. The negative dynamics becomes quite obvious as all these natural disasters are not just registered on our planet; the problem is they bring mass destruction for the coastal areas and continual devastation to the local population. Thus, the world community cannot oversee people suffering from the weather conditions that seem to be uncontrollable.
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What are the current treatments for chronic pain and what are their risks?

 

 

The range of analgesics has considerably broadened nowadays. Patients suffering from pain can be prescribed different medication taking into account their symptoms, other chemicals they take in, allergic reactions, and conditions of various internal organs. Curing chronic pain can bare certain pitfalls, that is why patients are to be treated only under the control of physician. Those misusing chemicals and narcotic substances used to remove pain can face further disorders of organs and systems and addiction which can be difficult to cope with.
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What are the behavioral manifestations of anxiety? Are men and women likely to have different manifestations?

 

 

Anxiety is more or less common feeling for people irrespective of their sex, nationality, and political views. Under certain circumstances everybody can feel scared, helpless, or depressed which all indicate towards anxiety. Nevertheless, various people are exposed to such mood swings to a different extent and reflect their anxiety in their own way. It depends on countless factors, starting from the closest environment and ending with peculiarities of fetal development. Basic example of people who feel and act differently while being anxious are men and women. Though the type of the nervous system and external circumstances are not directly predetermined by sex, physiological difference can often be a core factor in detecting actions of men and women.
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What are two sides of the death penalty?

 

 

The death penalty can be treated differently as we come out of morality issues or possible practical benefits. Opponents of such drastic measures claim that it is cruel and inhuman to deprive people of their lives even if they have murdered their victims. Human life is a top priority and we all are responsible for keeping it safe which makes a death penalty impossible. But on the other side, we realize that committing the most dreadful crimes must be properly punished, and here the question of “killing in response” becomes almost urgent.
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TV: Blessing or curse?

 

 

With the recent invasion of the internet many of us have forgotten about the TV and how important it was before we started to get everything online. Nevertheless, even now TV remains a frequently used source of news and entertainment for those who do not appreciate video games, for example, or internet surfing. Talking about major advantages of TV it is necessary to mention that it is very easy and convenient just to switch it on and watch. But, on the other side, we can watch only those content the companies want us to see, not even talking about excessive commercials interrupting every now and then.
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To what extent has the traditional male role changed in the last 20 years?

 

 

The fast moving world will never be like it used to some half-century ago, and it covers far more than the implementation of electronics or invasion of the internet. Recently it became obvious that men and women interchanged their roles to some extent. It happened mainly due to the feminists movement which appeared to be more successful in the last years. Having equal rights ensured by law women continued to demand equal manifestation of these rights in life and more opportunities to take male occupations.
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The circadian rhythm of teenagers makes it difficult for them to waken before 8:00 am, yet most high schools require students to be in class by that time. Some districts have changed their schedules and others are creating flexible schedules similar to those at colleges. Is attendance and performance improved by scheduling changes?

 

 

Each of us has certainly faced the situation when we need to wake up earlier than it is comfortable. Most people become “early birds” as they must get to their work, and rather few people can go to work whenever they want and sleep as long as they need. A great percent among involuntary early risers comprise students. Dark shadows under their eyes reveal their full of activity working day or, probably, an unrestricted access to the social network. Surely, teens would give everything they have for one more hour in bed, but the high school schedule is implacable: teens must wake up at about 6 hour in the morning to have a proper breakfast and to get to school by 8 am.
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The election process: fair or flawed?

 

 

Elections have provided society with quite a democratic way to chose leaders. Every citizen ought to come to the state elections and realize their opinions and civic stance. As a result, candidate who has the biggest support from society wins. It is rather an ideal variant of elections which frequently cannot be implemented into life with all initial fairness. Reaching the top of the power usually drags speculations, falsifications, and bribe of population. And that is what conscientious citizens obtain with the next head of the state or local authority.
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Tests and exams lift education standards

 

 

Standard system of assessment of students progress has experienced numerous insults from pedagogues who claim that educators must look for more recent and creative ways to estimate academic success. Doubtless, tests and exams have their strong and weak points but they still remain to be the most frequently used at schools and colleges and are supposed to show a fair picture on students results. Some pedagogues consider that smart examination question and regular testing are the best ways to set high standards for education and make students match these standards.
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Should women be priests, pastors, ministers, and rabbis?

 

 

Times of female discrimination seem to have passed long ago. But we still cannot object that traces of that inequality has been preserved till now. Women in various layers and classes of society admit that their opportunities are still limited as compared to that of males even in the era of equal rights for all. Not even to speak of various religious prejudices in some communities that do not allow women to make important decisions and run the business. In fact, not every woman in the US complains on sexual discrimination; many of them just do not regard lower salary as a crime and are satisfied with what they have. But the number of feminists continually rise, and these women gradually move ahead to their target in face of equal opportunities in everything.
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Should we reform laws to make it harder to get a divorce?

 

 

Society frequently treats divorce like something immoral and disastrous. Indeed, the negative results of countless divorces can be clearly seen in kids who suffer when their parents step on this path. In this respect we really cannot justify actions of parents. But we cannot analyze the process of divorce only from one dimension: divorce is also a bond created when people have made up their  mind. But we shall not forget that it is also in human nature to change their mind.
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Should we legalize the sale of human organs?

 

 

Selling human organs can be referred to as an insult of morality and financial profit at the same time. Proponents of such kind of trade remind us that more and more people die because of the fact that they has not obtained donors of vital organs in time. How much lives could be saved if only various organs could be available. Opponents of this business claim that organs will not become more accessible only because donors can sell them for someone to buy; first of all, prices will become sky high and very few people will be able to buy them, and second of all, trade will increase kidnapping people, especially in poor countries.
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Should there be a national database to track controlled substances (i.e., oxycodone) or should it be a state issue?

 

 

Misuse of opioids has brought a matter of concern for all the US. Every day more and more people become drug addicts and either pose a threat to society with their uncontrolled behavior or overdose to death. Despite that fact, a lot of patients cannot live a normal life without opioids as they suffer chronic pane and need this substances to be catered to the organism regularly. Efforts to take control over the use of narcotic substances differ from state to state but, in general, they have little success.
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Should there be a mandatory cap on the number of hours a person can work? Should there be changes in employment laws to give Americans more relaxation time?

 

 

Cutting down working hours is rather a sore subject for both employers and employees. Bosses are not so evil as an average clerk got used to perceive them as they also look for a way to improve work conditions for their staff. Managers still hesitate on how the change in number of working hours will affect their employees: surely, none of CEOs wants to waste the time that can be used for enhancing profits, but, on the other side, they are aware that their workers are humans too so optimization of their leisure time can lead to even lower productivity than before.
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Should the use of coal be subjected to stricter environmental regulations than other fuels?

 

 

Saving environment from destructive human actions is a question of a paramount importance for international community. Taking into account the role of fossil fuels in global warming process, precisely regarding to coal, oil, and natural gas, it cannot be underestimated. They are major pollutants which lead to depletion of the ozone layer on the earth, thus pose a threat to humans and animals. And though technological development has already started to supply us with sustainable energy from renewable sources and recycling of wastes, fossil fuels still remain the most popular and commonly used in our industry.
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Should the state or federal government put laws into place to prevent bullying?

 

 

Bullying is one of the unpleasant phenomena that is likely to make our peaceful life more complicated. We got used to consider it as an inevitable part of school days, but, in fact, bullying often happens in an adult life as well. Besides, this type of behavior has not appeared recently: tradition of bullying in its most diverse manifestation has been existing for centuries, though it has not died out by this time. Nevertheless, this old way to manage conflicts and make influence shall not be further tolerated. As long as society has not invented any way to stop bullies from intimidating their victims yet, some role in this respect should obviously be played by the federal government.
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Should the government provide health care?

 

 

Health care belongs to those things each of us will need sooner or later. As humanity has not yet discovered a medicine from every disease, we need to visit our doctors on the regular basis. Many of us consider payment for being examined and prescribed medicine by an experienced person as a natural course of events which goes without saying. Nevertheless, society comprises a vast amount of people who are unemployed, on the other side of poverty, or cannot afford paying for medical treatment due to any other reason. If the government provides no aid for such layers of society it means they are left out in the cold. Presumably, authorities shall provide some programs for those who cannot pay for medical treatment in order to show that they care both about the rich and poor.
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Should the government have a say in our diets?

 

 

Though we all seek to eat healthy food, sometimes it becomes very difficult to control our own dietary habits. Being surrounded by advertising of delicious fat dishes on every step we often cannot resist a temptation to drop in some fast food restaurant, get full in some 10 minutes, and come back to our activities. We occasionally consume junk food even if we perfectly realize that it is harmful. For this reason it is always nice to have a person by our side who will ban us to do it or persuade to go home and cook anything there. Could it possibly be the government? Probably, it is realistic to some extent.
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Should the “Right to Die” be Considered a Right?

 

 

Euthanasia is frequently considered to be something inhuman and wrong. Depriving other people of their lives sounds cruel when it concerns murdering. But the question is whether euthanasia conducted in clinics by experienced doctors can be equal to criminals killing people? Obviously, it cannot. Thus, it appears that society treating “right to die” as something evil is preoccupied by stereotypes and religious burdens. Such people still believe that they have a right to decide for the others whether they shall live even if every breath hurts them. In our era of smart and educated individuals we must make sure that every human has a right to decide for themselves how should they live and whether they should do it at all.
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Should the government be allowed to wiretap without permission?

 

 

Wiretapping of private conversations is a very delicate issue. Governmental intruding into the personal life of people can be regarded both like a safety measure and the invasion of privacy. The borderline between these two actions lies somewhere in the notion “wiretapping”. Actually, it was legalized in 2001 by signing the USA Patriot Act which introduced wiretapping and a range of related measures as a way to fight terrorism. The act took all kinds of response from society so that the latter has divided into those who support the government and those who treat the act like an insult to confidentiality of Americans.
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Should teens in the U.S. adopt the British custom of taking a “gap year” between high school and college?

 

 

Practice of taking a gap year before entering college acquires more and more popularity in the US. According to the figures of statistics, most students who take a year-off after a high school have better determination, motivation, and eagerness towards higher education. They develop some basic ideas on how they can benefit from bachelor’s degree after college and why actually they need to study for five more years.
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Some studies have shown that Americans work more hours and take fewer vacations than any other industrialized nation, yet paradoxically we are less productive. Why and what can we do to change?

 

 

Productivity of workers greatly depends on how qualitative they rest. This thesis can be proven by the dynamics of American employees’ success: people who prefer work to vacations are less likely to show high productivity. The breach in work-rest chain can cause various troubles from exhaustion and excessive irritation to low immunity and high predisposition to diseases. Employers are surely interested in staff that works like a horse and even better – that does not need vacations; but frequently “immortality” of these workers has its limits. Diligent employees who treat success of the company above all usually get trapped into the unbreakable chain of problems and sooner or later they become extremely tired of work-is-my-everything lifestyle.
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Should stay-at-home moms get a salary from the government?

 

 

Providing salaries for mothers who give up their jobs in order to raise little kids is a really sore questions for families. Inability to leave the child alone as it is less that 3 years old makes mothers manage priorities, and frequently they chose to look after a kid themselves than hire a nanny. First of all, because in this case they do not need to pay to the other person; but if mothers manage everything on their own where should they take money from? No doubt, expenses on a child are quite vast, and if there are two or three children, charges double and triple. Surely, the husband will earn for living of his family, but is this money enough to cover all the expenses? Many of us will say that government has no source of money to provide backing for every stay-at-home-mother in the country. So how shall families manage their expenses after the baby was born?
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Should society assume more responsibility for pregnant teenagers and children they bear?

 

 

Teenage mothers give a reason to anxiety and worries in the society. Long arguments can be started on who is to blame that a certain amount of youngsters face parenting so early, but the fact will remain unchanged until we take measures to prevent negative dynamics. A wide range of measures can be implemented by all layers of society, from government to parents. Children-bearing-children control policy must be started as soon as possible in order to provide improvement in the near future.
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Should pyrotechnics be banned from certain venues?

 

 

Banning fireworks and other pyrotechnics is likely to cut down disturbance of the society and contribute to peaceful lifestyle. It is especially important in the time of constant danger of terrorism and gun misuse, when some people can be scared of every pop from outside their house suspecting danger for their lives. But, obviously, the danger of pyrotechnics is often exaggerated, as it concerns mostly cases of misuse and human ignorance.
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Should public schools accept corporate sponsorship, if that involves allowing these sponsors to advertise and even name the schools?

 

 

The US is not the only country where the necessity of applying the corporate sponsorship to schools is actively discussed; many industrialized countries start paying more attention to this problem as well. Debates arise as communities doubt whether such institution as public school should receive sponsorship for advertizing of various global corporations. Such policy has both positive and negative effects, but it is rather for parents to decide whether they want their children to be daily exposed to advertising or not.
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Should parents be held responsible when their children break laws?

 

 

Juvenile delinquency is an unpleasant outcome of wrong upbringing. Unfortunately, it has considerably risen in recent years due to the variety of reasons. Without taking sides we shall conclude that the guilt of parent lies in neglecting their children and feeling no responsibility for raising law-obeying and conscious kids. Most underage criminals appeared in the street when they felt abandoned by their parents. It does not mean that children breaking laws are innocent and must be cleared of charges – it was, actually, a child who violated the law, not a parent. But various cases exist in judicial practice, and the correlation of child-parental guilt depends on the type of crime, damage done to the victims, and many other conditions.
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Should parents avoid vaccinating their children?

 

 

Recently many parents became suddenly anxious about the point of vaccination. Mass media occasionally spread breaking news about children dying after vaccination and researchers add fuel to the flames when associate side effects from vaccination with the development of common and dangerous diseases. Nevertheless, pediatricians strongly recommend parents not to give up on vaccinating their kids. Refuse from immunization tends to break herd immunity and lead to mass breakouts of epidemics.
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Should newspaper reporters be required to reveal their sources?

 

 

Existence of shield laws allows reporters to keep their sources in secret, which allows to obtain more breaking news and shocking stories to publish. Though, surely, society take an article more persuasive if they know who provided this information and how reliable can be that person. But very frequently reporters cannot allow to name their sources as information can have a provocative character or drag revenge towards those who trusted it to journalists. Still, there are cases when reporters get imprisoned for unwillingness to reveal their sources to the courts when some politicians or any influential people were greatly interested in the source of information.
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Should government impose restrictions on what kinds of foods can be served in school cafeterias?

 

 

Conscious eaters acquire more allies in their fight against junk food: a great number of people realize that they have already crossed the line of obesity and are eager to take on healthy eating, and  a lot of parents become anxious about what their children consume. Despite the latter try really hard to prevent kids from eating trendy snacks and burgers instead of proper meals, they frequently defeat to the whole variety of junk products available in supermarkets. Children always buy some snacks to have a bite at school and after classes, so food provided by school cafeterias has a great impact upon what children eat every day.
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Should companies allow employees to exercise on work time?

 

 

Physical health of humans is inseparably connected with their mental abilities. We clearly see it as our working capacity drops when we are ill and as it rises when we are full of energy. Scientists have proven that physical exercises greatly contribute to our brain power by uncountable impulses transmitted from neurones in the muscles to our brain cells. A lot of managers have already accepted this statement and used it to increase efficacy of their workers: basic exercisers now are set in most offices where people are occupied with sedentary job. All employers who are eager to exercise are very welcome to do it at work in order to remove stress and recharge batteries.
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Should animals be used for research?

 

 

Ideas for implementation of ban on animal testing are pushed by numerous advocates of animals. This type of improving substances is claimed to be obsolete, inadequate, and cruel, but prevailing amount of cosmetics and medications is still tested on animals to check its safety and efficacy. Besides testing new substances, animals are used in scientific researches which means practically the same – making some potential harm while conducting experiments in the labs. To avoid negative impact we can refer to alternative ways of testing: as we already have some new advanced instruments to replace animals in tests and research, debates on refusal from animal testing carry on.
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Shall we integrate from Marketing to E-Marketing?

 

 

Digital workspace is a main priority of businesses in the 21st century. It provided companies with a wide range of additional possibilities to advertize and sell their products, and easily communicate with customers as well. Transition from marketing to e-marketing is carried out gradually, and a lot of companies still have to complete this process. The essence is, those who do not treat digital space as an alternative market for retailing goods are at least one step back from their competitors and risk to lose a substantial part of their potential profits when going old ways. Still, it is essential not only to transfer but to combine both ways of marketing.
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Researchers claim that most new fathers take only a fraction of available paternity leave. Why and what are the ramifications?

 

 

The birth of the baby is a great change in everyday routine of the family: not only mothers are affected by this event but also fathers are to be ready to help their wives with everything for a certain period of time. This necessity has been taken into account by the federal law and reflected in the job-policies of the most companies. According to the law fathers can take few weeks of paid leave and several more unpaid weeks if they wish. After that time they will be renewed on their position or a similar one. As a rule, each employer has some peculiarities according to the way parental leave is arranged, which can restrict amount of free time given to the male employers to look after the newly-born.
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Recent studies have shown that women perform the vast majority of household chores; how does this impact their earning potential?

 

 

Earning potential of women is a sore subject for the society. Traces of discrimination still affect working mothers and housewives: it is problematic not only to find a proper job-place for women but also to gain money on the same level with men-employees. In most cases employers consider that skills and abilities of women will suffer from a burden of household chores; and maternity leave is just a disaster for those who expect their employees to work like horses. Thus, CEOs will think it over properly before they take a woman to fill some well-paid position.
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Parents want to raise children who eat a variety of nutritious foods. What parenting strategies are the most successful in meeting this goal? (Strategies include: always clean your plate, eat two bites of everything, eat what you want, serve children only foods they like, etc.) Also, should parents use food as a reward?

 

 

A general tendency shows that today we have more parents who care about eating habits of their children. Not allowing kids to consume any fast food sold in the street or junk snacks from supermarket gives more chances to avoid obesity and a range of related conditions. Adults refer to several common strategies to control their children: check their bags, restrict pocket money, and watch what they eat at home. But ban on various types of food is not the only strategy which can help parents to teach their offspring to eat healthy products: sound dietary habits must become inherent and natural to each member of the family.
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Mothers have traditionally received custody in divorce cases; is that trend changing? Should it change?

 

 

The decision on custody as the result of parental divorce is made either by parents or by the judge. Usually, it is not a gender biased matter, as child custody normally passes to the parent who suites best for this role. In most cases parents make a previous agreement upon who will take the child. Often they decide that it will be mother who will raise and take care of a kid, that is why some people believe that the custody must pass to her. But in numerous cases parents cannot get to consensus and fight for having children with them. So if negotiations did not succeed, the right to decide who will take a custody passes to the court.
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Mortality rates due to car accidents have dropped in the past five years; is this due to airbags?

 

 

Statistic says that cases of mortal car accidents have recently dropped in the US, and last few years have been the safest time on the American roads. Millions of lives had been saved as compared to the figures of the70s years of the last century, for example, when the rate of mortality in the streets reached its peak. Such a comforting decline can be explained due to several factors; they all indicate towards improved infrastructure and extra-safety measures provided by manufacturers of cars.
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Military medics and field hospitals have new tools for trauma care. What are they and how successful are they?

 

 

Providing efficacious prehospital trauma care is one of the crucial conditions that is able to save lives of wounded military officers. Obviously, very often injuries are just too serious to let soldiers survive until they are transported to the nearest hospital. That is why paramedics try to do their best and save wounded people using minimum equipment and maximum practical skills of giving the first aid. Students of medical institutions regularly undergo special trainings where they learn how to deal with the most common traumas of military-men, how to use the paramedical equipment available in the field hospitals, and how to increase chances of the patients to survive.
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Is the Sundance Film Festival fulfilling its mission?

 

 

An initiative of the Sundance Institute in Utah, the Sundance film festival is a place to reveal new talented actors, screen-players, filmmakers that work independently and are not associated with the world biggest film studios. The festival deals with documentary and drama genres and is aimed at detecting new trends, find out topics the most interesting for society, and give promotion to rather unfamiliar filmmakers who work hard and create a movie of high quality. Annually the Sundance Film Festival offers grants to support creative people who push modern film industry forwards.
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In the past decade, schools have severely tightened the school-day schedule, paring to a minimum available time for socialization in middle and high schools. Has it produced better students? What are the behavioral ramifications?

 

 

Tight school-day schedule is not a mere whim of educators: this necessity was determined by the increasing amount of material students should cover. Besides, recently we observe more subjects added to the school program, while the others has not become outdated yet so that old subjects can be substituted with the new ones. It creates additional tension on students irrespective of their age (teachers should not think that a high school student can stand every load). Trying to put everything essential into the limited period of time surely means pushing out students communication and other activities.
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Is global climate change man-made?

 

 

Denying the fact that human activities to great extent influence the climate change on the globe would be irresponsible and selfish. Many people are unwilling to realize their participation in the most unfavorable processes, hence continue to live on conditions appropriate to them. Even if these include trowing away toxic trash and pouring wastes of production into the sea. But of course, the vast number of people are aware that every other sack of rubbish contributes to global warming that poses a threat to the humans and animals on the earth.
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Is fashion important?

 

 

Trying to get to the core of urgent social problems, become more aware of what people are interested in, keep pace with technological innovations most of us consider fashion as redundant and irrelevant to modern individuals. But in fact fashion, which is frequently associated with shopaholism, is a large concept that covers several dimensions of our life at once. On the one hand it is an encompassing industry which remains to be highly profitable; and on the other hand, fashion is a global culture individual for each nationality in the past and common for the whole globe now.
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Is child behavior better or worse than it was years ago?

 

 

Despite modern life has provided better conditions for everything from medicine to education, it led us to such negative phenomena as increased number of criminals, gun overuse, and parents neglecting their duties. However, the last one seems to be a bit odd in this raw, it is the most crucial, as the way we bring up and educate our children directly results in appearance of the first two effects.
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How is the music industry being affected by iTunes and other services that allow customers to buy individual songs as opposed to entire albums?

 

 

The significant rise of iTunes and alike services was driven by collective demand of new format in retailing music. One day the music industry realized that selling CDs became outdated, thus appeared a need to create an alternative way of spreading popular music. And the implementation of iTunes which went alongside with the common use of iPods proclaimed a start of a new era in transmitting music: due to this service we can buy single songs without spending money on entire album and avoid piracy.
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How is parental divorce portrayed in contemporary children’s literature?

 

 

The matter of divorce remains currently central problem in life of modern families. To make both parents aware of short- and long-term results psychologists continually emphasize on destructive effect of divorce upon the child’s mind. Afterward parents usually have to do a great work with their offspring to minimize the damage. To make it more effective such education shall be provided before divorce: it would be better for children to realize from the early age that there exist various types of families in the modern world, either with one parent or with step parents, and they all function somehow.
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How is a marriage affected when the wife makes more money or is more educated? (Especially in extreme cases where perhaps the husband is a sanitation worker and the wife is an attorney.)

 

 

Men got used to to be more privileged layer of society than women. As an average man in the US usually earns more than his wife, males frequently feel themselves as a dominating item in the family chain. But times change, and now more and more women achieve carrier success and even earn a small fortune. We livein time when men and women interchange their roles concerning the fact who earns for the family living.
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How have notable women such as Coretta Scott King, Jacqueline Onassis, Hillary Clinton and Princess Diana dealt with the public exposure of their husbands’ infidelities?

 

 

Life in marriage can be complicated, especially when it refers to the wives of rich and famous people. The history shows us examples of world-famous couples in which husbands were unfaithful to their spouses. Just like ordinary people, husbands-politicians make a row, suppress their wives, cheat with other women, thus provide complications to family life and expose their troubles to the community. And famous wives respond to husbands’ improper behavior just like ordinary women: some of them do their best to preserve the family and some get a divorce.
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How has technology impacted parenting?

 

 

In our time of assault of digital technologies we can no longer deal with our everyday duties as we used to do before. It particularly concerns upbringing of our children. We regularly use our cell phones, tabs, laptops to solve urgent problems, and when it comes to little kids we use the same devices to be sure that they find no dangerous object in the house and do not make any damage at all. Nevertheless, some parents claim that it became not easier and ever more difficult to bring a child up with so much techniques around.
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How effective are alternative treatments for cancer?

 

 

Cancer is a serious diagnosis, and it is no wonder that not every patient (even those who do not suffer from pain) can cope with the knowledge that their body is gradually killing itself. It depends on each organism how fast the tumor grows and what are the chances of the patient to recover; some people can be cured fast, the others struggle for a long time,and there are some lucky ones who do not even realize that they have a cancer until a tumor was revealed after it faded away itself. Patients with cancer are willing to use every type treatment that can possibly help; herbal medications and other alternative types of treatment are highly appreciated.
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How can consumers protect themselves from identity theft?

 

 

Identity theft belongs to one of the most common crimes of the present day. Usually it refers to the category of cyber crimes as thieves mostly deal with stealing bank account information with the help of malicious software,phishing, or any other way that brings access to the information stored in electronic devices. Although, straightforward thefts have not ceased to exist in the era of advanced technologies: some criminals still grab purses, credit cards, mobile phones and run away. Identity theft can be at least an unpleasant event or what is more dangerous – it can result in someone becoming another person, using their money and taking out loans on their ID.
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How are corporations fostering employee creativity?

 

 

The major modern well-payed jobs require creative thinking from their employees. Every company from food manufacturers to the web-sites selling software is interested in implementation of new innovations that would enhance productivity, optimize costs, andprovide more markets for selling goods. Top managers know that some extent of creativity is inherent to every employee; each of us can become an idea hamster even if our work is rather monotonous and dull. A few strategies will help employers to make an average white collar more imaginative and inventive.
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How accurate is the information presented by forensics experts to juries?

 

 

Forensic experts are inevitable for any kind of trial. In some cases they draw more attention, in others they just occupy a back seat. Very frequently physical evidence is the only evidence available after crime. And this is precisely the sphere of forensics experts’ research. Their testimony is linked to enormous responsibility as the evidence greatly influences distinguishing criminals from victims and determines the sentence of guilty person.
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May 7, 2016

Football unifies nations

 

 

Football fans can be found all over the world. It is an entire culture for male and female, rich and poor, young and aged, fit and corpulent inhabitants of the globe. The color of skin does not matter at all if you are a world famous football player. At the pitch sportsmen and spectators are almost equally engaged in an exciting game. Someone can say that such competitive sports provokes rivalry and violence towards players or fans of the opposite team, but that is the other side of the coin.The vast majority of footballers and their fans are open to reach new heights and to cooperate with more colleagues and people who pursue the same goals.
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Euthanasia – your right to die

 

 

Debates on euthanasia still continue to raise argument between advocates of human rights. Some developed industrialized countries allow doctors to assist their patients to die while some others issue bans on providing euthanasia. The advocates cannot find consensus and claim that all people either have their right to death (as well as for life) or that humans cannot be deprived of their life by any other force but nature. The topic of death is actually a slippery slope: we all got used to think that death is the most unfortunate event in human life, but, evidently, a lot of people with terminally diseases would not agree with that statement.
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Does procrastination serve a purpose in the creative process?

 

 

Procrastination is unavoidable when there is work to be doneand the deadline does not press yet. For instance, if today in the morning we discover that the project should be done till the tomorrow morning, that is a perfect time for procrastination. Unlike most of us got used to think, this process is not actually connected with being lazy: before the face of urgent tasks we can do actually everything except for demanded work. Though such procrastination will not last for too long; in one moment we start realizing that there are about six hours till the deadline and we start working whether we like it or not.
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Does “tough love” really work?

 

 

Tough love is frequently used to describe parents treating their children authoritative. Some people consider thatupbringing with carrot and stick is helpful while educating children up to six years old, the others claim it is the only way to manage control over teenagers with various types of addiction or improper behavior. Tough love is not spanking kids for their misdeeds; it means helping children to reveal challenges of life. There is no commonly accepted approach towards tough love; some sociologists claim that in is really important in upbringing children, and some parents say they would never treat their children using tough love.
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Do we have a throw-away society?

 

 

Consumers society will inevitably come to the question of disposal one day. Connection is obvious – the more we buy, the more we throw away. The problem with trash resolves itself to the difficulties of utilization. However, it will be correct to say it comes to having any possibility to utilize rubbish. Not every country in our industrialized world offers its citizens possibility to recycle their wastes free of charge. For this reason a vast amount of rubbish are daily delivered to the landfills that covers our planet with trash. Solution of the problem of growing trash implies taking measures by government aimed at increasing awareness of society and providing facilities for recycling.
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Do parents have a social responsibility to vaccinate their children?

 

 

In the last few years many parents started to doubt that vaccination of their kids is really essential step. A lot of them are afraid of side effects of vaccination, as more mass media started to enlighten danger from artificial immunization. Though every parent has a right to decide whether they want to vaccinate their children or not, scientists and pediatricians claim that it is social responsibility for every parent to provide their kids with vaccination from measles, mumps, polio, whooping cough, and other dangerous epidemic diseases.
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Do mothers have a different or similar child-support compliance rate as fathers?

 

 

Non-custodial parents are obliged by the law to pay compensation for those parents with whom their children live so that the kids do not experience a crucial need in financial backing. The Office of Child Support Enforcement does not provide any restriction regarding the sex of parents, which means both mothers and fathers pay compensation to the custodial parent.But as a matter of fact, large percentage of mothers are likely to escape this responsibility while fathers just keep paying child support as agreed. This happens because of various reasons, but the most obvious one is that mothers consider that non-custodial fathers earn enough money to raise children themselves.
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Are test scores a good indication of a school’s competency?

 

 

Though the traditional system of school testing obtains less supporters with every year, it is implemented in most schools around the US. Testing is simple and clear; it helps teachers to optimize their time on checking students’ works. Optimization of time is, actually, a serious drive: teachers ask quickly, students put short answers down, then all pluses and minuses are counted and in a short while we have assessment of students’ success. Sometimes, scores are even counted by the computer. No doubt that teachers stick to the testing so much. But opponents claim that standardized tests do not help to reveal full range of students skills and abilities at the same time.
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Are law enforcement cameras an invasion of privacy?

 

 

Today it is not a wonder for anybody that most public places are supplied with cameras. Though not  everybody got used to the fact that their actions and talks are recorded. Society was divided into the proponents and opponents of installing more cameras in public places which shows that not each of us is sure that taping works only in favor of lawful citizens.
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Are cell phones dangerous?

 

 

A lot of cell phone users got anxious after the information on smartphones causing cancer had hit the mass media. Studies continue to be held by this time, and their results concerning either the harmful effects or innocence of mobile phones are regularly published in the media. Due to the fact that all those researches (even held by impartial organizations) show different results, scientists still cannot agree upon how much cell phones are really dangerous. Many researchers put stress upon the danger of the electromagnetic radiation. And though it follows us on each step, people talking too much by smartphone tend to have an increased risk of developing a brain tumor.
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Alcoholics Anonymous has been a staple of American culture for over half a century. How successful has it been?

 

 

International voluntary fellowships, the first of which was Alcoholics Anonymous, used to be a great help for society inclined to various kinds of addiction.As alcoholism has been and still remains the most frequent disease of society, Alcoholic Anonymous organization for helping addicts to stay away from their destructive habits was founded in 1935 in Ohio. The fellowship has not ceased to exist yet and it gave a start to Narcotics Anonymous and a range of related aid-giving organizations which aim at helping more people to give up unhealthy habits.
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Advertising: Information or Manipulation?

 

 

Advertising has become a vast industry over the last few decades. Now it is almost a science of how to attract potential clients and how to make sale rates extra high. Manufacturers and distributors appeal to the most diverse ways of promotion so that as many consumers as possible got assured that they need this kind of goods. But no one should claim that all these ways are fair.
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What do schools need to do to prepare students for the 21st Century?

 

 

Modernization has left no sphere of social life untouched. It also refers to education at schools and colleges. A lot of educational establishments aim to win respect among students and their parents that is why they try to meet new requirements. It concerns not only technical equipment but also curriculum and after school activities. To give an overall education and supply students with up-to-date information schools must undergo some changes so that they can be called “schools of 21st century”.
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Explain why ancient Greek mythology is still relevant today

 

 

Ancient myths still remain popular literary items. They are neither just a fiction nor plain lectures on morality. Mythology has brought its stories through the times, and today we can enjoy it as well as our parents and grandparents did before. We can see how myth preserved their importance as they have become a part of the popular culture: art, sculpture, architecture, crockery, applied art and many other directions depict mythological heroes and express motives of ancient tales. Myth became a part of our everyday life being reflected in form of set expressions; many languages preserve these collocations, as myth are the worlds heritage.
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Violence in sport

 

 

Almost no sporting event can be held without sportsmen being injured. Especially when it concerns boxing, football, basketball, baseball, rugby or hockey. Team sports that involve competition are a perfect ground for the teams to insult their competitors, although kicking, pushing, and beating the rivals is forbidden in all sport competition and can be punished by the rules or even by law. But frequently it is easy to make the injury look like an accident as every sports involves certain health risks. In many cases corrupted referees and judges voluntarily close their eyes to violent actions of unfair players, thus offenders avoid their responsibility.
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