July 4, 2016

Sports stars should be positive role models

 

Popular personalities are always to some extent responsible for their fans. The influence of idols upon people who deeply appreciate their achievements is indisputable; it can be clearly seen upon teenagers who seek to be like their favorite music bands and sports stars. Though, the influence of the latter can appear even bigger, as they are popular among young and quite mature adults as well. Major people do not think properly when they copy their cult figures, and that can lead to appearance of certain trends which, unfortunately, not always are positive.
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All citizens who do not vote should pay a fine

 

 

A right to vote means a lot to individuals who believe that fair elections will help to chose only the best politicians. Without paying much attention to the fact that even in democratic societies elections are usually not so fair as they are expected to be, it is necessary to assume that vote implies certain responsibility on the electorate. That is why all citizens of voting age must be aware that their choice will influence the future of the whole country.
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Democracy is the best form of government

 

 

Debates on which form of government shall be called the best have started long ago. Arguments between adherents of democracy, monarchy, dictatorship still continue to evoke interest of observers. Apparently, very few nationalities feel that they live in a perfect society when total majority of the world population are certain that system of government in their country is a long way from being impeccable. According to the common belief, the best standard of living is implemented in any other country but for our own. And this is the precise reason why whole societies are deeply disappointed with leaders and their reforms.
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Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) should be banned

 

 

Popularity of martial arts obtained an ambiguous response from the Western society. On the one hand, such sports as judo or karate are treated quite positively so that even children frequently attend such sections. On the other hand, mortality rate as an aftermath of any global martial art competition is striking and allows to call such combating as highly dangerous. This happens rather due to extensive freedom of rivals’ actions provided by such competitions which do not demand any serious responsibility from people who injure their opponents.
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The US Government should fund a space mission to Mars

 

 

Exploration of space regularly receives a generous portion of attention from those who believe that people can expand their habitat far beyond our planet. Innovative researches made by NASA enrich our knowledge concerning the universe and give some hope that in the near future Earth will not remain the only place for humans to live. Programs and missions of the space agency are mainly funded by the federal government which enhances further research in this field. But expediency of such investment is quite a disputable topic as a part of society believes this money shall rather be spent on more down-to-earth problems.
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Poetry should be removed from the curriculum

 

 

Poetry can be treated as a part of aesthetic education while it appeals to our emotions by the perception of sound. Recognition of poems contributes to the aesthetic awareness as it makes individuals decipher encoded information and understand artistic value of rhymed piece of writing. However, not every person is able to read between the lines and catch the intention of author. For this reason many people consider poetry as a redundant and indistinct part of literature. A lot of parents, for example, insist on poetry being removed from curriculum so that children could not be forced to waste their time on such unimportant things.
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It is never appropriate for the government to restrict freedom of speech

 

 

Such indisputable human right as freedom of speech is a clear indicator of sound governmental policy in any country. In the course of history it happened so that in some countries unrestricted expressions are an integral part of social life now, while the others put much stronger accent upon their freedoms and struggle for every anti-governmental saying to remain unpunished. In small countries where freedom of speech was suppressed for ages it is considered to be a manifestation of truth and wisdom of nation, but large multinational states where dozens of nationalities are to coexist with each other peacefully and comfortably observe this human right from the other point of view.
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Should America provide foreign aid to countries that kill and sell items from endangered animals?

 

 

The most common manifestation of selling items from endangered animals all over the world is fur trade. Rare animals became a major target for poachers who demand a small fortune for the fur of exclusive species. Trade in endangered animals is mainly controlled by international legislative acts (like CITES), nevertheless, various countries interpret the notion “endangered” differently. While some of them apply it to species which are on the verge of extinction, the others give the alarm as any population in wild nature steadily decreases. Advocates of animals and wild nature are deeply anxious due to the existence of various measures to overcome the law and sell fur from killed species in many countries.
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Renewable forms of energy should be subsidized by the government

 

 

Transition to renewable forms of energy appeared to be a problem even at the current stage of technological development. It seems natural that power plants which run on fossil fuels are going to be succeeded with batteries and turbines producing sustainable “green” energy, but for some reasons these processes develop much slower than people expected. Probably, only Germany is successfully implementing the plan on full transition to the renewable sources until 2050, and the other world simply observes what will come out of such transition.
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All people should be vegetarians

 

 

Alongside with existence of numerous diets vegetarianism transcends being a mere dietary habit. Nowadays it is a separate culture of nutrition which provides incontestable benefits for its followers. When dishes rich in saturated fats and carcinogens are treated as junk food, vegetarian lifestyle aims at saving people from nasty inconveniences which further grow into gruesome diseases. Refusal from animal products can help to recover from lingering illnesses as well that is why many patients become vegetarians after they underwent surgery.
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Social networks are major means of communication in the modern world. As a matter of fact, people differ on whether they prefer to contact others on e-mail or Facebook, but they all agree that in our hasty life no communication could be possible without the internet. Student-teacher communication is not the exception. Online resources provide more opportunities for educators to make studying process more effective and communicate better with their students. However, not all teachers agree upon advisability of Facebook as a means of official communication between an educator and students so that debates concerning this topic have emerged.
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Students should be able to leave school for lunch

 

 

Having lunch at school is a matter of crucial importance as children spend there a half of their day. Most parents are deeply concerned about how long children should stay at school and what they will eat during the day. Most educational establishments provide canteens with various cooked food so that children could have a good lunch without leaving the school. However, some of them doubt quality of products provided by school catering and require kids to eat at some other places they trust more than school canteen, and the question whether children should remain art school or be allowed to go out for lunch remains open.
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Schools should block Youtube

 

 

The problem of teenage addiction to social media emerged comparatively recently. When about some decade ago most schools had no access to the internet, students were much more concentrated on their classes. But today teachers and parents blame unrestricted access to the internet as a means of wasting time. More and more schools agree that certain web-resources must be inaccessible at educational establishments.
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All students should be required to perform one year of community service

 

 

Volunteering is characterized by its free basis which means that people are not forced to participate in social life by their employers or authorities. Nevertheless, binding students to spend some time in a community service can bring certain benefits both to schools and children. As a matter of fact, individuals with volunteering experience are more appreciated by employers due to their benevolent intentions and ability to work for the common good.  Besides, volunteers are more likely to develop strong problem solving skills, achieve greater success in education or start scholarship.
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PE should be required of all students throughout high school

 

 

Physical education belong to the list of obligatory subjects in most public schools. Though some students are completely excited by being distracted from their books, the other consider exercises being redundant and unsuitable for educational establishments. Not every child fancies sport and competition, while those who show worse results are afraid of bullying and humiliation from peers who perform better. That is why students are afraid of attending these classes and try to skip them.
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School uniforms should be required

 

 

An obvious condition of wearing uniform at schools frequently suppress students immensely. They cannot understand why is it so important for management to make everybody look so equal, consequently, they protest or boycott rules. Principals and school management assure that wearing uniform at schools helps us to overcome inequality of social classes and make children communicate with peers irrespective of their parents’ social rank.
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Homework should be banned

 

 

Due to the great concern of parents and complains of their children debates on banning homework become even fiercer with every year. Several studies have shown that the impact of homework upon children is not so positive as we used to think so people begin to doubt that such conventional thing as homework is a necessity. Nevertheless, many educators do not rush with groundbreaking decisions and insist on sticking to the traditional way of schooling where a certain amount of work must be done at home. Actually, it is difficult to condemn one of these sides as both of them have a grain of truth in the argumentation.
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Every student should be required to take a performing arts course

 

 

Performing arts are no less creative and even more impressive than visual or any other arts. Ability to perform on the stage is not inherent to every individual; it is rather a gift that singles out really talented people among their environment. Performing arts are not counted as a full-fledged school subject, so that they are obligatory at the academies of arts or some private educational establishments which consider them as significant. Nevertheless, really few students try themselves at this type of activity due to their laziness or lack of time. For this reason a debate on importance of performing arts at an average American high school has been started by educators.
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All students should have an after school job

 

 

The attitudes of parents differ dramatically when the matter concerns their children having an after school job. Some of them ban their offspring to be multitask and insist on paying much attention to studying. The others try to develop in their kids an entrepreneur’s drive and suggest their children to go earn their own money as soon as they can. And, surely, they both cannot agree on whose upbringing is the best.
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How to be a smart consumer

 

 

Consumer society is a dimension of modern reality which requires us to purchase more goods and products. On the one hand, there is nothing wrong in the fact that on some particular stage of development any society starts to be consumer. On the other hand, we have faced the problem that many people cannot control their consumer drive so they end up as shopaholics who cannot wait until a new portion of salary arrives. In order to avoid negative effects society must learn how to be smart and responsible consumers and not to become victims of advertising.
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Define diversity

 

 

Diversity is the precise term by which we can characterize all inhabitants of Earth. It happened so that we have a wide range of incredible, perfect, and various living beings living on our planet. It concerns diversity of species all of which have different characteristics and needs, nevertheless, they create ideal conditions for life on the planet. On the other side, diversity also concerns humans as a lot of racial, ethnic, cultural groups live in various places of the planet. Despite being social creatures, people find it awkward and difficult to overcome barriers caused by vast diversity which has become a challenge for modern society.
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Explain the consequences of obesity – both in society and personally

 

 

In the last few decades obesity became almost a disease of civilization. More and more people appear incapable of taking control over their weight, and it is quite common picture for American society in particular. It comes rather from inability to restrict ourselves in delicious food and lazy way of life which can possibly take its roots from increased well-being of average Americans. Obesity happens not only to adults, even more often the condition is diagnosed in children, not all of whom succeed in combating it. While the reasons are quite numerous, the consequences are not scanty as well.
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How does technology improve our quality of life?

 

 

Paying great interest to all news of high-tech we ceased to be enthusiastic about the whole range of devices that fill our lives. Younger generation, we hardly imagine how people lived without TV set, computer, and Wi-Fi; our parents, on the contrary, cannot stop wondering were such a rush development which was not even planned some fifty years ago could lead us. Indeed, we get used to advantages of modern civilization quickly.
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What is a black hole?

 

 

Black holes have recently become an ideal topic for speculation. A massive bulk of science fiction, including spacetime traveling, refers to black holes as a source of the most incredible ideas. The laws of physics become really weird when we try to imagine how such a phenomenon works. It remains only to look at the reports of scientists who investigated the topic and wonder how they managed to draw all those complicated conclusions concerning such mysterious things.
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How does social media affect real life relationships?

 

 

Human interaction has certainly changed since the appearance of social networks. It became so convenient to manage businesses and solve problems online that people do not want to make extra efforts, like meetings or shared events. Even phone calls became rare occasions giving more place for chats and e-mails. Therefore people obviously became closer to one another (especially if they live far away from each other) but at the same time more distant as very little live communication takes place now.
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Explain food stamps or other aid programs and demonstrate how they work

 

 

Social programs can be found in every country the government of which takes care about vulnerable layers of society. Here belong individuals with low incomes or disabilities who cannot earn enough to provide themselves a normal living. The current Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) empowered by the US government is the exact aid program which is aimed to help citizens get their food. The initiative concerns low-income households as well as immigrants, pensioners and persons with disabilities. Its prior intent is to provide basic nutrition for those who either have no money or shall spend them on housing and medical treatment.
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What is the cause of the increase in autism?

The claims of scientists according to the factors which cause autism vary dramatically. Opinions range from genetic to environmental causes which seem very likely to explain why so much concern has risen around the problem these days. Very frequently vaccines alongside with GM food are accused of causing mental disorders. The increase in use of pesticides in the fields coincides with the rising tendency of autism which inclines scientists to believe that the outer influence is dominant for developing condition. Besides, exposure to WI-FI, electromagnetic fields, air pollution from the major roads are believed to make a certain impact upon the health of children. However, all factors given above do not provide a comprehensive explanation why exactly in the recent years figures started to grow alarmingly fast.
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How to write a cover letter

Obviously, making a comprehensive resume is not enough to persuade employers that the applicant is the best suiting option for the company. A cover letter attached to the resume aims at providing employee’s motivation in their job search and explain desire to get this particular position. A well done cover letter gives more chances for success to the job seekers, even if their resume is scanty. Everyone can master an art of writing cover letters if they formulate their ambitions skillfully and do a little research about the company they want to enter.
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Does our mood affect your memory?

 

 

Various mental processes are closely interrelated between each other, which explains why our body can properly react to the external factors and make a reasonable response. On similar pattern our mood and memory depend on each other. On the first sight, it seems strange how such different cognitive processes can have something in common, nevertheless, quite enough research has been made in this area which confirmed the hypothesis of scientists.
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Highlight an issue that doesn’t receive enough attention

 

 

Despite pollution is a frequently discussed topic that receives a considerable coverage in mass media, such closely related problem as utilization still does not attract much of the public attention. This problem is not new, though people started to think over the consequences of leaving non-recycled waists comparatively recently. Some countries like Germany claim the necessity of recycling and ensure it implementation by legislative acts. Nevertheless, many other industrially developed countries – the biggest producers of rubbish in the world, rather ignore this way of preserving environment and solve the problem by storing rubbish in waste deposits. These are distant areas that one day will become overcrowded with trash and there will be no clean place on our planet if we do not consider the matter of utilization seriously.
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Analyze a piece of film, literature, or music

 

 

Gothic fiction appeared on the bookshelves in the 17th century for the first time and since then the genre acquires only greater popularity among readers. Combining features of horror, mystique, and even romance Gothic literature captures readers’ attention at once and do not abandon their minds even after the story is over.  To this particular genre address an English novelist Neil Gaiman in his short story Snow, Glass, Apples. The novel was included into Smoke and Mirrors collection which comprises short stories with breathtaking plots submerged into the haze of magic, thrill, and surprise.
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July 2, 2016

Speculate on the future of the internet

 

 

Some twenty years ago people could not even imagine that the internet will obtain such a dominant place in life of an average person for a short period of time. At the same time, now it is difficult to imagine how people arranged their routine without an immediate access to the internet. As we see how fast the internet developed, practically, out of nothing we can predict its overall domination in the next 20 years.
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The impact of the internet on communication: How has the internet affected the way we talk?

 

 

The invasion of numerous acronyms, neologisms, and abbreviations borrowed from the jargon of social networks seems disturbing to people who still speak as they did before the Internet appeared. Indeed, today it is hardly possible for them to understand youngsters who speak some weird language and claim it to be English. Linguists still do not dare predict standard English borrowing much of these expressions as the perspective is quite distant and unlikely to happen. Nevertheless, internet jargon and slang have considerably affected our informal everyday communication with its abbreviations that became a mainstream.
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World War II/other major historical events: What was their significance? How did these events impact history?

 

 

World War II as the most destructive and expensive war in the history left nothing intact. Its aftermaths are the most diverse and difficult to ignore even at the present moment. Some countries registered great losses while the others got a lift to their international potential. World War II, just as other conflicts and rebellions, surely dragged some positive changes for society, so that the offspring of warriors now make sure their ancestors did not die in vane. Nevertheless, no war has ever been started as a drive to economic development, thus devastation is a major point to put a stress upon.
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What is global warming? Discuss the long term effects and explain the significance of past and current trends

 

 

The evidence of climate change taking place on the earth is incontestable. While meteorologists register a constant lift in average annual temperatures, a range of related phenomena is detected everywhere on the planet. In the first place it is clearly seen in tropical and Arctic areas: the change led to the appearance of events which have never been inherent to the places before. Melting glaciers became a mundane thing, which caused rising of sea level. Mountains all over the world lose their snow-cap which had been intact for centuries. Tropical hurricanes became more severe than before, moreover, here must be mentioned potent storms and destructive rainfalls which occur not only in tropical but also in mountainous places. Nevertheless, the fact of potential increase in the phenomena mentioned above is even more disturbing than the current evidence.
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What is diversity in the workplace? Why is it important and how does it affect the workplace?

 

 

The world around us is extremely diverse. It refers not only to wild nature but also to human population. Modern reality often urges people to move from their native places which results in giving more societies multinational and multicultural status. People of various races, nationalities, gender, age, personal characteristics surround us in the streets and at our workplace. Examining the latter aspect closely experts came to the conclusion that diversity affects our working atmosphere positively if it is provided with plans, trainings, and strategies to make interaction of employees more productive.
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In what ways should the student government body be changed?

 

 

Reforms in the field of education are likely to make changes in all major aspects of schooling one of which is student council. Self government is a main chance for students to participate in their school life and make it more fascinating and interesting. This type of activity is inherent to primary and secondary schools, where it performs a number of functions. Among them interaction with school managers and principals, ensuring proper functioning of school activities, and making their school better. Student government body consists of representative from all classes around the school so that it strongly resembles the Congress in miniature.
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Provide reasons for a shorter school week with longer days or for a longer week with shorter days

 

 

School schedule makes a strong impact upon the well-being of students as it regulates their everyday activities. Modern schedule is, certainly, more tight that it was some thirty years ago, as the number of subjects continually rise, besides, the school program has become much more compressed these days. Nevertheless, educators press upon reform in school education which will obviously affect amount of time students bring at school.
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What role should students have in deciding the kinds of foods that are served during lunch? Should students also have control over vending machine options?

 

 

School cafeterias are a common place where students usually have a lunch. It is highly important for every school to have a spacious enough canteen so that no one must remain hungry at the lessons. As a rule, the issue of food does not take much of the principal’s attention, even if it has a paramount importance for parents. They all need to be sure that their kids receive proper nutrition and consume not some snacks but a proper lunch.
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July 1, 2016

In what ways should the school year be rearranged?

 

 

On the rebound of criticizing the system of schooling in the US the question of changing K-12 school calender became urgent. Several opinions exist in this respect according to which the school year must be either extended for more than 180 days, or the schedule and amount of vacations must be rearranged. In the first case the change involves developing new curricula that will provide more material for students to be taught and more subjects to be implemented. The second approach does not imply any changes in the school plan, nevertheless, it foresees stretching the amount of material more evenly during the year with the help of breaking 3-months summer vacations into three or four smaller parts while traditional holiday vacations remain unaffected.
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Which “social recognition awards” should be left in for the yearbook (i.e., most popular, most likely to succeed, etc.)? Which ones should be removed?

 

 

Recognition is the best award for people who achieved considerable success in any social sphere. Such awards are usually founded by the governments or various authorities to praise their employers for outstanding results. The same may refer to students of high schools and colleges who managed to make any distinct social contribution besides their studying.
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Why would bringing pets to class help do better in school? Would there be restrictions on the kinds of pets a person can bring?

 

 

Little pet lovers and not only them would be positively excited by the possibility to take their cat or dog to school, not even to mention those who have no pets at home. Psychologists emphasize that human-animal interaction greatly contributes to development of social skills and enhance proficiency in reading and writing. This can be extremely valuable to kids with learning disabilities or social phobia as well as to all other kids who would get a certain boost of spirits.
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How often should students be tested for a class grade? What about standardized testing for the state?

 

 

The system of school testing is a frequently debated topic among teachers and parents. As the standardized system of testing started to lose its efficiency, educators began to wonder in which cases tests remain important. It is necessary for schools to provide only the most effective methods of revealing skills of students as they enhance their motivation and help teachers to get a realistic picture of students’ results. We shall assume that standardized testing is not the only way to estimate  academic progress, therefore other methods shall not be ignored.
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Should students be allowed to determine holidays before the school year?

 

 

School holidays are an exciting time for every student in the US. Having a few days off is a great opportunity to relax and spend more time with friends. Except for one-week winter and spring breaks and much more appealing long summer break public schools provide days off on federal and state holidays. Some of them certainly differ from one state to another or can be celebrated on different days each year.  Besides, in some schools religious holidays also become days off, which depends on the community, its national traditions and beliefs.
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Dancing boosts creative thinking

Both physical and mental activities contribute to our brain power. Researches have proven that

there is a certain connection between exercising and mental abilities of people. Having a short

training session makes our thinking quicker and enables us to see new solutions to the problems
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Should teachers be sent to the principal’s office if they show up late to class by more than 15 minutes?

 

 

Infraction of the school rules usually refers to the students and is punished by detention. Being late is not a rude violation but still it disrupts the studying process considerably and distracts a teacher from work at class. But what if teachers themselves breach the rules? Unfortunately, such cases become even more common at schools as some teachers consider that they are allowed to have more time for their personal business and to make students wait for them.
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How should grades be given? Should there even be grades? If not, what would be a good alternative?

 

 

A vast majority of educators claim that modern students became completely uninterested in grades they are given by the teacher. The reasons for that are multiple: most of kids give up on striding to academic success as they do not try hard enough, others blame their teachers of being prejudiced towards them and putting bad marks deliberately. As they say, “What is the use of trying if I get a bottom mark anyway?” Whatever has caused such attitude, the pressing reality puts us on revolutionary road: the system of grades is far too outdated.
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Should teachers be forced to take detention when students do not perform well in class?

 

 

Detentions has been and still remains an integral part of schooling. No more efficient form of punishing students for disobeying to the rules of school has been invented yet by teachers. Detention is a form of administrative punishment if we take a school as a community which is headed by its own authority. Students usually end up in detention for crossing generally accepted norms and disrupting studying process; it is always linked to inadmissible behavior at school aimed at preventing students from normal studying and teachers from performing their direct tasks.
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Anticipation is often greater than realization

 

 

Anticipation and realization are two major mental processes we face on our way to achieving some goals or performing certain tasks. While we do our best to get to the aim we only anticipate possible outcomes and compare their chances. But when the job is done, realization of the achieved result does not always coincide with our prior predictions. According to this fact psychologists argue which of these two factors is more crucial for making a sound decision and developing mature  personality.
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Why are books important?

 

 

Reading has been and still remains an exciting activity even when it is not so much popular as it used to be earlier. Despite the great variety of recently developed leisure time activities certain part of people prefers to spend their evening over a smart or fascinating book as it gives them food for reflection and spiritual boost. Nevertheless, books remain essential part of our life as far as we study at school or college; this period of our life is special due to the enormous mental work ensured by regular reading and processing information. An average person does not read in their adulthood as much as they did being a student.
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How are people different from animals? Are animals better than people in any way?

 

 

People differ from animals due to the range of physical peculiarities. Here belong upright posture and much more developed brain which causes considerable differences in behavior. Unlike animals, humans are social beings that underlines their strong dependence on interaction with the others. More complicated nature of people reveals traits that are inherent only to humans, like ambitions, drive towards personal development, lust for money and appreciation.
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What new law should be created?

 

 

The legislative basis of the US is strong enough to ensure functioning of essential processes in the country and secure fundamental rights for its citizens. Nevertheless, it has some weak points just as legislation of any other country in the world does. Improving national laws must remain one of the prior-importance issues for the government as it reflects the interest of authorities in raising the standards of life not only in the US but also on the global scale. An effective way for improvement is borrowing a positive experience of other countries which amended their constitutions so that changes in various spheres of life became obvious.
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What is the most important place on earth?

 

 

Our earth has a full right too be called the most wonderful planet in the Universe. Fabulous diversity of its nature, uniqueness of species, clear perfection of its inhabitants – all these conditions make us live in the world of beauty and peace. However, not every place on our planet seems so idyllic: wars and conflicts make their own contribution to our environment. Images of areas devastated, destroyed by weapons, people suffering and struggling for every single day of their existence make us feel sorry for the loss of initial perfection once inherent to each place around the globe. Today people frequently travel to discover this beauty in the most distant places and argue which of them is the best place ever seen on earth.
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We know that words have power, both negative and positive. What is the most powerful word in the English language?

 

 

All the most persuasive speakers in the history made a weapon of their famous speeches. They endued words with extraordinary power, thus made lasting impression upon their audience. Their secret lies not only in ability to manipulate but also in knowledge how to make meaning of their words carve into human memory. Putting a stress and underlining necessary information speakers can make us frightened, excited, or motivated. These emotions raise in our minds as the brain reacts to the words which carry prior emotional stress.
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What things should remain secrets?

 

 

Keeping secrets is sometimes treated like dishonesty and deceit. Our friends and family require from us to be open and frank, and they can be shocked or bewildered by the fact that there are some matters which we would like to keep secret. Besides private life, secret or classified information remains concealed from the judges and the court when no special exceptions are provided to the case. Keeping information private does not disrupt the work of courts, quite on the contrary, it gives a chance to avoid punishment for those who are not guilty.
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Is it okay to eat some animals but not other animals? Why?

 

 

Consuming meat is one of the most ancient traditions of a mankind. Hunting was one of the prior activities of our predecessors before they started to raise livestock at their households. However, centuries ago a farm was inherent rather to wealthy people, while the poor could have some minor poultry and relied on hunting or consuming more accessible food. Nowadays it is clear to us why certain animals were chosen to be raised for slaughter, and the reason is highly pragmatic: these animals produce a generous amount of meat and are reasonable to be fed for years.
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What is more important, honesty or compassion?

 

 

Honesty and compassion are key-segments without which the chain of human relationship cannot hold together. Both feelings are directed at building sound relations with the others, irrespective of whether it concerns close relatives or people we meet for the first time. Sticking to the principle of respect and appreciation of our social environment we leave no place for humiliation, lies, cruelty towards other individuals. And both honesty and compassion are going to help us to live in harmony with others and with ourselves.
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What jobs should never be replaced by technology?

 

 

Globalization makes its own amendments into life of ordinary workers. Alongside with rush industrialization, automation, and robotization hundreds of people in America and Europe lose their jobs as most operations are done by machinery. Nevertheless, it would be unwise to blame technological progress in depriving people of their jobs: the balance is preserved as old occupations are succeeded by new ones. On the other hand it would be incorrect to say that industrialization helps in beating poverty and unemployment, but we shall agree in one fact – global changes take time.
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Is it ever OK to tell a lie? What if it would save someone’s life?

 

 

Dishonesty belongs to the range of moral problems which can be treated as both positive and negative under different circumstances. From the early childhood we teach children that lying is foul and offensive type of behavior which has no place in interpersonal relations. However, not so many people build their relations with the others on telling exceptionally the truth. As we have grown up each of us appeared to have their own reasons for disguising reality, frequently out of our own greed, and sometimes intending to make life of others better.
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Does wealth bring happiness, or does happiness bring wealth?

 

 

Emotional well-being is definitely connected with financial wealth. Though some people deny this fact, the others prove that it is highly realistic. Every individual has their own definitions of happiness and perception of factors affecting it. Thus, some people with low incomes believe they could have solved a number of problems and live a happy life if they had a better salary; some wealthy people, on the contrary, get bored with their luxurious routine and strongly doubt that money affects emotional state, otherwise they would not feel so miserable. Nevertheless, to discover the actual role of money in our spiritual harmony it is necessary to restore some balance between the rich and poor.
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What is beauty?

 

 

Beauty is a psychological concept which is rather individual than universal. We call something “beautiful” when we feel aesthetic appreciation towards any object or person. The precise reason why various nations and cultures argue on which image of beauty is the most wonderful lies in the fact that this concept is not only individual but also culturally biased, thus, to some extent, collective. We can say that every nation of the world has its own realization of “beautiful” physical proportions which frequently do not coincide with ideas of any other nation.
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June 28, 2016

Should we eliminate winning and losing in children’s games?

 

 

In a traditional model of education children are taught to compete with their peers from an early age. Previously no harm has been detected in this methodology but today more educators think on destructive effect of rivalry which kids see over all kinds of competitions. It concerns not only sporting events but also studying process and interpersonal communication. Ambitious children forget about all other benefits they get from competition, and what is more important – that it is only a game, when they are deeply upset of losing or value themselves above anybody else when they win. To solve this problem psychologists suggest to implement more games without scores so that children realized that competition also involves fair behavior and team spirit.
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Do different types of intelligence exist?

 

 

The debates on how many intelligences exist in people or, which is more precise, by how many factors abilities of a person called human intelligence are predetermined still go on in scientific circles. Traditional or conservative approach towards the nature of our cognitive abilities claims that human intelligence is influenced by a single factor and it is revealed in advanced analytical thinking and involves mathematical skills. Despite a solid position taken by this point of view, opponents of a single-intelligence theory claim that only one dimension of human cognitive activity cannot be treated as intelligence. They expand this notion towards other human skills not connected to analytical thinking but which definitely make people out of their social environment.
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Where should society set the boundaries for freedom?

 

 

Freedom is a basic human right guaranteed by numerous constitutions around the world. We distinguish various types of freedom which refer to unrestricted opportunities and manifestations in all the spheres of our life. While we usually associate this notion with open expression of thoughts and own management of our living, freedom frequently implies putting no limits to actions and behavior of individuals even if it nurtures disgusting phenomena like discrimination. In the countries with high standards of freedom the law is usually provided with additional restrictions and remarks that ban expression of malicious attitudes and respective behavior.
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Which is worse: failing or never trying?

 

 

The fear of failure is well known to everyone who has ever set on performing problematic tasks. Due to the individual temperaments, not all of us become excited in face of challenging experience; moreover, it is quite clear that all those who realize their responsibility in the result become uncertain according to whether it is worth trying at all. It would be fair to say that those who decide not to take huge responsibility doubting their chances for success and refusing from dealing with difficulties cannot be blamed, especially when many people directly depend on success of the task.
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How will the world be different in one hundred years?

 

 

The world around us changes extremely fast, and we owe it to the rush of technologies, in the first place. Not only our habits and activities transform with the flow of time but also topics of concern, quality of life, and career perspectives. As we can observe even now, the tendency towards higher living standards and increased well-being of the average individuals on our planet gradually strengthens. And what do we expect to see happening in one century? Obviously, not destruction, degradation, and downfall.
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What problems would arise if we could cure all illnesses and eliminate hunger? How would we address those problems?

 

 

In the course of human development global problems continually change: some of them vanish, the others appear. For example, such practice as slavery was gradually eradicated, but poverty and hunger still remain and continue to destruct the whole societies. While the problem of racial discrimination soon will meet its end, it was succeeded with discrimination of people with specific sexual orientation. It seems that such global issues do not vanish at all, they just flow into one another, like energy does. Thus, the problems go round and are unlikely ever to end up. Consequently, if we assume that humanity would be cured from all illnesses and no children in rural areas of Africa would die from hunger, we have no more illusions that the earth could turn into paradise.
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Time is money. True or not?

 

 

Modern promotion of money as a means to achieve the greater good has been condemned by moralists and religious people. Nevertheless, its value and influence upon the society is huge and cannot be denied by those whose incomes are rather moderate. Moreover, today we got used to pay money for a time unit when we are given services of various kind. While some people consider it weird to pay for time and not quality of goods, the others believe it is a fair system as major employers get payed respectively to the number of hours they work.
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The meaning of color

 

 

The way people perceived outer world considerably influenced their beliefs so that a long time ago they started to draw connection between phenomena. This perfectly explains why we treat flowers of various colors differently and why the whole set of norms was invented that provides explanation which color is suitable to any particular occasion. Somehow we agreed that in the western culture black is suitable for people in grief, while white is perfect for wedding attire; scarlet roses shall be sent to beloved person, while yellow are strongly inadvisable for underlining interpersonal relations. All these and many more conclusions have been made due to a certain status given to every color.
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The greatest discovery in the history of the world

 

 

Human civilization has changed dramatically over few last centuries. Scientific development presented us such inevitable things as construction of DNA molecules, antibiotics, x-rays which made a breakthrough in medicine, as well as gravity, solar system, and evolution which turned upside down human ideas of their place on the earth and in the universe. All these fascinating discoveries are tiny parts of an enormous puzzle as they all play equally crucial role in the current and further development of the science. Nevertheless, concentrating attention upon one of the greatest inventions it is worthy to investigate the impact which electricity has made upon modern humans.
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Does money matter in our life?

 

 

A number of rhetoric questions we usually ask refer to financial well-being. It is quite obvious as nowadays we usually overestimate material values and neglect things which we cannot buy for money. Nevertheless, today buying ability has considerably stretched towards the spheres which never associated with financial opportunities before. Certainly, we use money to arrange almost every sphere of our life: we manage household, improve our health, take care of others, and rest in our free time according to how much goods or services we can pay for. And for this reason it would be rather unwise to claim that the role money plays in our life is superficial.
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How to make a difficult choice

 

 

Decision making is a responsible business which will have certain consequences that depend upon how sound was decision of the past. Today there is the whole variety of problematic topics which require tough solutions, and this reality does not make a situation any easier. Probably, everyone has ever faced a question where there are no rights and wrongs; nevertheless, a correct decision must have been made even if every possible solution seemed totally wrong. Such occasions are frequent in area of personal or public relations between people, and they cannot be ignored just because a sound solution seem not to exist at all.
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May 28, 2016

How to overcome fear

Fear is a considerable bulk on our way to accomplishing any goal. This complex emotion does not only occur when we are scared of some material objects like mice or spiders;  frequently fear of uncertainty or future events makes our burden much heavier than it actually is. Due to the deep and potent roots fear spreads in our mind, it has never been easy to combat this emotion. Harboring phobias in our heads we let them take a comprehensive control over our actions which is really difficult to call off.
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Work and Recognition

 

 

Appreciation is the feature more common to volunteers than to clerks with well-payed jobs. Non-profitable organizations are aware that their volunteers work because of their own initiative and sheer ambition to help, for this reasons such people are deeply appreciated. Consequently, recognition of ordinary workers is usually disregarded by managers as they think that the staff’s salary can be enough encouraging if they still work at the company. Nevertheless, appreciation of the employees’ work is a key condition to making sound psychological atmosphere in the group.
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Union Strikes

 

 

Realization of the labor rights by employers is a key condition to maintaining peaceful atmosphere at the working place and achieving a satisfactory result. The tradition to go on strikes has developed in the course of history when workers felt that their rights had been violated. It started from pre-industrial strikes mentioned to take place in Ancient Egypt, and modern-like industrial strikes which considerably developed starting from 18-19th centuries.
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Transnational Inequalities / Global Classes/ Elites/ De-nationalization

 

 

Taking into account current rate of globalization, the notion of inequalities transcends particular nationalities. Thus we consider some derivatives of social classes to appear on the international arena. They can be clearly visible in the economic area where greater popularity achieve well known and promoted companies. Potent manufacturers spread with the lightning speed around the world putting companies that work exceptionally within few countries far behind.
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Technology & Society

 

 

The level of technological development makes a significant impact upon the development of the whole society. Technologies affect every dimension of our everyday life, thus they change our habits and help to optimize our strength and save time. To some extent they unite people around the world as the latest inventions quickly spread due to the globalization. Among the major areas where   devices and people are closely interrelated are household, work, education, personal development, health, environment.
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Stereotypes

Stable images which are used to characterize certain group of individuals are called stereotypes. They are an inevitable part of human communication, especially between various nations. Stereotypes are not always considered as negative depictions, sometimes they can be satiric, comic, generally speaking – benevolent. Appearance of stereotypes is a consequence of ignorance, misunderstanding of foreign cultures, desire to explain events in comical light. All stereotypes are partially true and partially distorted as they have not appeared just out of nothing.
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Social Stratification / Social Classes / Social Inequalities/ National Inequalities

 

 

Inequalities have a range of manifestation in societies on various stages of development and with various forms of authority. Social stratification is a process which starts a gap between social classes. Division of all people into layers is inherent not only to the tribal communities which are on the very start of their existence, it is the same norm for Western societies. Belonging to any particular stratum is predetermined by birth or heritage even by this time, though, unlike in medieval times, today people are quite free to move to the upper class if they become successful and famous in various spheres, or sink to the lower stage if they were unlucky and lost their fortune due to the actions of opponents, gambling, substance addiction etc..
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Social Privilege

 

 

Privilege is a social category which has a lot in common with inequality. In general, it is a material or spiritual advantage of one social class over the others. The most frequently it refers to people who have all opportunities to get education at prestigious establishments, rent a nice expensive flat, buy a house, and not to be particularly restricted in anything. Turning to the spiritual dimension, privilege here is belonging to socially secure community like native people which become more and more opposed to all the foreigners, immigrants, national and racial minorities due to the globalization. Privileged social classes frequently underline their differences from those unstable and unprotected by the government. Such behavior often results in hostility between social groups and damage done by haters and those who envy privileged classes.
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Social Policy

 

 

Dealing with the prior social problems like discrimination, racism, use of substances, gun issues is an inevitable part of governmental daily activities. Sound social policy is a favorable opportunity to diminish the effects of the problems mentioned above upon the society. Development of a complex measures for social protection and preventing undesirable phenomena is no less important than conducting foreign policy or solving problems in economy. A disastrous social policy can cross out any other governmental achievements as the society is a powerful force which displays how skillful politicians are in their actions. Besides, international prestige of any country is measured not in the last turn by its social programs and securities.
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Social Integration

 

 

Formation of collective consciousness would be impossible without social integration of individuals. Various social groups form due to similarity of their members who integrate into society joining communities. All the inhabitants of the earth have some shared as well as different features; and the perfect ground for integration appears as people realize that they are more alike, have the same views and problems, and can achieve their goals easily with the help of others. Talking about integration we usually mean that a certain part of people like immigrants or social minorities overcome their fears and get ready to accept another world views, traditions, even religion to become closer to the community they live in. This factors make the process challenging for those who integrate and pose several obstacles for those who want to assimilate with new environment.
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Social inequality based on money, class, name etc

 

 

Inequality remains to be one of the most frequently discussed social issues. It usually comes along with discrimination and poverty. The danger of this phenomenon lies in the fact that inequality is the precise factor which prevents a nation from being called “highly developed”. No matter how advanced are the technologies and which level of industrialization is achieved in the country, there is no way to become an example for the others when the gap between social classes continues to rise.
The first feature for groups of individuals to contrast is their wages. Capitalistic society already predetermined by its ideas and policies the highest profits for those individuals who run their own business. This policy is fair in respect to the relations on market, nevertheless it only underlines the gap existing between enterprises and a working class. Besides, it influences available amount of social protection including education and healthcare from which the poorest individuals are excluded.
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Rent Control

 

 

Rent regulation belong to the issues which become more and more urgent in the last years. The problem of housing touches upon every citizen, as even private owners pay taxes for their accommodations, not even to mention renters. Well-being of tenants greatly depends on the amount of rent they should pay monthly for any housing. And the problem lies in the fact that landlords are continually escalating their prices which are predetermined by the situation on market and high demand which tends only to rise with every year.
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Racism that exists in various forms and disguises throughout the world

 

 

Racial discrimination is a stable phenomenon difficult to eradicate by combined efforts of the government and society. The more people try to get rid of it, the better it disguises and turns into covert racism. It is especially common for developed countries where any manifestation is punished by law. In this case discriminating views occupy areas of mass media, advertising, movie industry, video games where human brain passively accepts offensive content frequently not even realizing it.
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Public Spaces

 

 

We are surrounded by public spaces from everywhere. Roads, parks, squares, galleries, theaters – all these places we pass by every day were constructed to gather some amount of people who rush in their businesses or rest.  Public spaces are usually provided and taken care by a government, though sometimes new parks appear on the initiative of non-governmental organization which agreed upon its construction with the local authorities. Each kind of public spaces is aimed at conducting certain activities, which means that public manifestations can be appropriate not to all public spaces (we cannot arrange a political demonstration in the theater hall, for example). Actually, the notion of public space can be defined as a room or location to which all members of community have an open access. That is why almost every place we regularly visit is more or less public if it is not a private property.
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Prostitution – should it be made legal

 

 

Prostitution is one of those numerous negative phenomena which are condemned by a majority of people, who are perfectly aware that it exists. Different opinions are presented by the adherents of business in any form and the advocates of morality. The topic is quite delicate and concerns interpersonal connection, that is why opponents of prostitution can argue referring to mere social norms and accepted morality code. Nevertheless, a considerable percentage of people suppose that as a voluntary activity aiming on earning money prostitution shall be justified and legalized.
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Marriage between the same sexes – should be made legal or not

 

 

When we come to the point of same-sex marriages, debates immediately transfer from personal business to the public policy. Despite the general tendency towards equality, social perception of LGBT groups still differs. Adherents of liberals favor legalization of gay marriages, while conservators deeply condemn such perspective. Both of them rationalize their opinions with the help of religious and legal sources.
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Live-in-relationships or marriage – which is a better option for the society

 

 

A couple living unmarried presents a kind of danger for religious or conservative people. It seems to them extremely odd, illegal, and even abusing way of events, as these people cherish responsibilities claimed before God or Civil Registry Office above all others. Nevertheless, today even more couples pay no attention to sheer formalities and consider it correct to live together as long as they need before the marriage.
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Liberal lifestyle vs the conservative ones

 

 

The meaning of liberalism and conservativism are already clear from their names. Two opposite political directions represent left and right wings respectively; their views towards policies, economic strategies, and social phenomena differ drastically. Though both these directions are aimed at achieving common good, like freedom, education, and healthcare, they approach different ways in realization of these concepts.
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Increased drug and alcohol abuse amongst teenagers

 

 

Cases of overuse in substances have considerably increased among teenagers over the last decade. Due to various reasons more youngsters become smokers and heavy drinkers. Situation with uncontrolled flow of drugs does not seem to be solved in the near future as well.
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Inclusion

 

 

When we talk about exclusion, we imagine broad range of conditions in which a person can be treated as “odd” for some particular social group, thus they are deprived of basic privileges inherent to all members of the group. But inclusion is associated with only one type of social discrimination and it refers to people with disabilities. It can be defined as treating disabled people as fully-fledged members of society and recognition of their imperfections not as defects, but as individual peculiarities which, nevertheless, cannot diminish human dignity.
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Identity and Globalization

 

 

The process of globalization does not affect only political and economic processes around the world; it influences our self-identification and determining our place among other nationalities. Human identity is an umbrella term which includes realization of who we are on our own, within social groups and communities to which we belong, and our connection to the world in its broad meaning. And if globalization contributes to human interaction between nations all over the world, it certainly implies assimilation and homogenization for all of them.
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Housing Policy

 

 

The value of housing has greatly increased over the last years. Not only Americans but also European citizens became more concerned about their rent, as modern household expenses tend to rise and take a considerable part of family incomes. Both homeowners and renters faced the problem of housing affordability which embraces almost every type of housing irrespective of the conveniences, infrastructure, educational and healthcare facilities available in the area. Families with low incomes face housing troubles, in the first place, which proves the system of subsidies to be inefficient.
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Group Behavior

 

 

All manifestations of individuals interacting within their social groups are included into the notion of group behavior. Investigating the way people communicate, interchange views and ideas, make decisions, and respond to the actions of their social environment is crucial for defining causes of negative social phenomena like discrimination and exclusion.
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Globalization – same set of things found anywhere and everywhere in the world – the pros and cons of it

Globalization is reflected in each sphere of human life. Improvement in economic potential of any particular country, global trade and growth of export, raise of multinational corporations, better interchange of views and values between cultures – all these undeniable advantages became possible in the course of globalization. This process contributed both to societies and their individuals who obtained numerous innovative ways to arrange their everyday activities more efficiently and save more time for relaxation.
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Gender inequality – why are men always portrayed as the bread winner and woman as a home maker in media and advertising

 

 

Despite a general tendency towards equality of people in a developed world, it has not been fully implemented yet, and we all are to be partially blamed in it. The truth is many of us like gossips and prejudice, and easily fit in an image created by mass media where behaviors and activities are distinguished according to the gender marker. Men are portrayed as high-fliers and women – as homemakers just because many people got used to live their lives according to this pattern and do not realize why exactly gender roles should be interchanged.
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Gender Inequalities

Gender inequality can be found almost on every level of social life. Though gender roles which formed centuries ago are almost eradicated, they turned into gender bias and stereotypes which resist fulfillment of equal opportunities for men and women. The most frequently inequalities rise in employment and education fields.
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Feminism

 

 

Feminism is a range of social and political movements around the world that promote issues of gender equality and women achieving equal opportunities with that of men. The first manifestation of feminism took place in the nineteenth century when suffragettes claimed that women should have a right to vote. And this event triggered a long chain of social transformations in which female population was continually assimilated in their abilities to males.
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Exclusion

 

 

Social exclusion is natural for every society, even if it is not multinational. Marginalization, depriving of certain rights and needs according to different appearance, physical or mental abilities, views than that of a majority is social exclusion. This concept is linked to discrimination in most cases as it deals with limited rights of racial, sexual, religious minorities as compared to the major population of any country. Exclusion often drags humiliation, inequality, social deprivation.
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